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Monetary Policy and the Exchange Rate in Colombia

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  • Hernando Vargas Herrera

Abstract

The role of the exchange rate and the exchange rate regime in the monetary policy decision-making process in Colombia is described. The rationale for the intervention of the Central Bank in the FX market is explained and the experience in this regard is reviewed. Special attention is given to the seemingly varying effectiveness of different types of intervention and to the challenges posed by the sterilization of purchases of foreign currency. The exchange rate regime, FX regulation and FX policy determine the resilience of the economy in the face of external shocks and allow for the possibility of countercyclical monetary policy responses. A virtuous circle is created in which the volatility present in a flexible exchange rate regime improves the conditions for the functioning of a flexible exchange rate regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernando Vargas Herrera, 2011. "Monetary Policy and the Exchange Rate in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008699, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:008699
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hernán Rincón & Jorge Toro, 2010. "Are Capital Controls and Central Bank Intervention Effective?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007622, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Hernando Vargas Herrera & Yanneth R Betancourt & Carlos Varela & Norberto Rodriguez, 2011. "Effects of reserve requirements in an inflation targeting regime: the case of Colombia," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), The global crisis and financial intermediation in emerging market economies, volume 54, pages 133-169, Bank for International Settlements.
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    Cited by:

    1. Urrutia, Miguel & Hofstetter, Marc & Hamann, Franz, 2014. "Inflation Targeting in Colombia, 2002-2012," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6394, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Zárate-Perdomo, Juan Pablo & Cobo-Serna, Adolfo León & Gómez-González, José Eduardo, 2013. "Lecciones de las crisis financieras recientes para diseñar y ejecutar la política monetaria y la financiera en Colombia," Chapters, in: Rincón-Castro, Hernán & Velasco, Andrés M. (ed.), Flujos de capitales, choques externos y respuestas de política en países emergentes, chapter 17, pages 645-674, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Juan Pablo Zárate Perdomo & Adolfo León Cobo Serna & José Eduardo Gómez-González, 2012. "Lecciones de las crisis financieras recientes para el diseño e implementación de las políticas monetarias y financieras en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 30(69), pages 258-293, December.
    4. Rincón, Hernán & Velasco, Andrés M. (ed.), 2013. "Flujos de capitales, choques externos y respuestas de política en países emergentes," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2013-09.
    5. Gómez, Esteban & Murcia, Andrés & Lizarazo, Angélica & Mendoza, Juan Carlos, 2020. "Evaluating the impact of macroprudential policies on credit growth in Colombia," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 42(C).
    6. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework," Borradores de Economia 716i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus & von Schweinitz, Gregor & Wendt, Katharina, 2019. "On the empirics of reserve requirements and economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 253-274.
    8. López-Enciso, Enrique Antonio & Vargas-Herrera, Hernando & Rodríguez-Niño, Norberto, 2017. "La estrategia de inflación objetivo en Colombia," Chapters, in: Uribe, José Darío (ed.), Historia del Banco de la República 1923-2015, chapter 11, pages 465-539, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima," Borradores de Economia 716, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange rate regime; foreign exchange intervention and sterilization; exchange rate volatility.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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