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Interest rate dispersion in commercial loans

Author

Listed:
  • Stefany Moreno-Burbano

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Andrés Vargas-Vargas

    (Universidad Tecnológica de Bolivar)

  • Juan Sebastián Vélez-Velásquez

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

We study the dispersion of interest rates on commercial loans granted by banks to Colombian manufacturing firms between 2005 and 2013. Dispersion can be caused by two types of firm heterogeneity. Firms can differ in their ability to negotiate interest rate or firms can differ in how costly it is to provide a loan to them. We document the extent of interest rate dispersion and characterize the impact of borrowers’, banks’ and market characteristics on dispersion. Reduce-form regressions show that, on average, firms with less-than impeccable credit history and firms that are loyal to their banks, pay on equilibrium higher interest rates. Using quantile regressions, we find that, conditional on rates being high, a marginal increase on the firm’s revenue is associated with higher interest rates. Finally, we evaluate the impact that the market structure has on the level and variation of interest rates on commercial loans, taking advantage of a wave of mergers that took place between 2006-2008. **** RESUMEN: En este documento estudiamos las tasas de interés de los créditos comerciales otorgados por bancos a las firmas manufactureras colombianas entre 2005 y 2 013. La dispersión puede ser causada por dos tipos de heterogeneidad de las firmas. Las firmas pueden diferir en su habilidad para negociar las tasas de interés o en qué tan costosas son para proveerles crédito. Nosotros documentamos la magnitud de la dispersión en tasas de interés y caracterizamos el impacto de las características de los deudores, los bancos y el mercado sobre la dispersión. Las regresiones en forma reducida muestran que, en promedio, las firmas con un historial crediticio que no es impecable y firmas que son leales a sus bancos pagan en equilibrio tasas de interés más altas. Usando regresiones cuantílicas nosotros encontramos que, condicional a que las tasas de interés sean altas, un incremento marginal en los ingresos de la firma e stá a sociado c on u nas t asas de interés más altas. Finalmente, evaluamos el impacto que la estructura de mercado tiene sobre el nivel y la variación de las tasas de interés en créditos comerciales, tomando ventaja de una ola de fusiones que tuvieron lugar entre 2006 y 2008.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefany Moreno-Burbano & Andrés Vargas-Vargas & Juan Sebastián Vélez-Velásquez, 2019. "Interest rate dispersion in commercial loans," Borradores de Economia 1088, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1088
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1088
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interest rates; loans; price dispersion; mergers; tasas de interés; créditos comerciales; dispersión de precios; fusiones;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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