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Price Behavior in an Inflationary Environment: Evidence from Supermarket Data

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  • Carlos Felipe Jaramillo
  • Daniel Cerquera

Abstract

This paper analyzes several important aspects of price behavior using disaggregated weekly data on prices of supermarket products in Colombia between 1991 and 1994. The analysis shows that despite hight and persistent rates of inflation in the economy, price quotations persist on average for two months. The large proportion of observations for which stores opt not to change prices highlight the importance of menu costs, even in an economy accustomed to persistent double-digit inflation. Despite the seemingly hight levels of rigidity, the degree of real price erosion found before prices change are lower than those found in other inflationary economies. Price declines are not uncommon, and downward rigidity does not seem to be an issue in the Colombian inflationary environment. Aggregate price changes are also found to exert an important effect on relative price variation at the aggregate and commodity level.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Felipe Jaramillo & Daniel Cerquera, 1999. "Price Behavior in an Inflationary Environment: Evidence from Supermarket Data," Borradores de Economia 138, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:138
    DOI: 10.32468/be.138
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Manuel Julio & Héctor Manuel Zárate, 2008. "The Price Setting Behavior in Colombia: Evidence from PPI Micro Data," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 26(56), pages 12-44, June.
    2. Juan Manuel Julio & Héctor Manuel Zárate & Manuel Dario Hernández, 2010. "The Stickiness of Colombian Consumer Prices," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 28(63), pages 100-153, December.
    3. Erwan Gautier, 2009. "Les ajustements microéconomiques des prix : une synthèse des modèles théoriques et résultats empiriques," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 119(3), pages 323-372.
    4. Giulietti, Monica & Otero, Jesús & Waterson, Michael, 2020. "Rigidities and adjustments of daily prices to costs: Evidence from supermarket data," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).
    5. López Enciso, Enrique & Ramírez Giraldo, María Teresa (ed.), 2011. "Formación de precios y salarios en Colombia T.1," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, volume 1, number 2011a-04, June.
    6. Munir A. Jalil & Luis Fernando Melo, 2000. "Una Relación no Líneal entre Inflación y los Medios de Pago," Borradores de Economia 145, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)

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