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A Theory of Participation in OTC and Centralized Markets

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  • Weill, Pierre-Olivier
  • Dugast, Jérôme
  • Uslu, Semih

Abstract

Should regulators encourage the migration of trade from over-the-counter (OTC) to centralized markets? To address this question, we study a model in which banks make costly decisions to participate in an OTC market, a centralized market, or both markets at the same time. Banks differ in their ability to take large positions, what we call their trading capacity. In equilibrium, intermediate-capacity banks find it optimal to participate in the centralized market. In contrast, low- and high-capacity banks find it optimal to participate in the OTC market, due to an endogenous complementarity. Namely, low capacity banks receive worse terms of trade than in the centralized market but better risk sharing, thanks to the intermediation services offered by high-capacity banks. High-capacity banks receive worse risk sharing than in the centralized market, but profit from the provision of intermediation services to low-capacity banks. While the social optimum has qualitatively similar participation patterns, it prescribes that more customers migrate to the centralized market, and that more dealers enter the OTC market.

Suggested Citation

  • Weill, Pierre-Olivier & Dugast, Jérôme & Uslu, Semih, 2019. "A Theory of Participation in OTC and Centralized Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 14258, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:14258
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    3. Baudry, Marc & Faure, Anouk & Quemin, Simon, 2021. "Emissions trading with transaction costs," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    4. Babus, Ana & Hachem, Kinda, 2021. "Regulation and security design in concentrated markets," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 139-151.
    5. Yu An & Zeyu Zheng, 2023. "Immediacy Provision and Matchmaking," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 69(2), pages 1245-1263, February.
    6. Eisenschmidt, Jens & Ma, Yiming & Zhang, Anthony Lee, 2022. "Monetary policy transmission in segmented markets," Working Paper Series 2706, European Central Bank.
    7. de Roure, Calebe & Mönch, Emanuel & Pelizzon, Loriana & Schneider, Michael, 2019. "OTC discount," Discussion Papers 42/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
      • de Roure, Calebe & Mönch, Emanuel & Pelizzon, Loriana & Schneider, Michael, 2021. "OTC discount," SAFE Working Paper Series 298, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE, revised 2021.
    8. Shuo Liu, 2024. "Social Optimal Search Intensity in Over-the-Counter Markets," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 53, pages 224-282, July.
    9. Pierre-Olivier Weill, 2020. "The search theory of OTC markets," NBER Working Papers 27354, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Jean‐Edouard Colliard & Thierry Foucault & Peter Hoffmann, 2021. "Inventory Management, Dealers' Connections, and Prices in Over‐the‐Counter Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 76(5), pages 2199-2247, October.
    11. Wang, Chaojun, 2023. "The limits of multi-dealer platforms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 149(3), pages 434-450.
    12. Eisenschmidt, Jens & Ma, Yiming & Zhang, Anthony Lee, 2024. "Monetary policy transmission in segmented markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 151(C).
    13. Hu, Tai-Wei & Rocheteau, Guillaume, 2020. "Bargaining under liquidity constraints: Unified strategic foundations of the Nash and Kalai solutions," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 189(C).
    14. Babus, Ana & Hachem, Kinda, 2023. "Markets for financial innovation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 208(C).
    15. Lebeau, Lucie, 2020. "Credit frictions and participation in over-the-counter markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 189(C).

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    JEL classification:

    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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