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Understanding Cultural Persistence and Change

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  • Giuliano, Paola
  • Nunn, Nathan

Abstract

When does culture persist and when does it change? We examine a determinant that has been put forth in the anthropology literature: the variability of the environment from one generation to the next. A prediction, which emerges from a class of existing models from evolutionary anthropology, is that following the customs of the previous generation is relatively more beneficial in stable environments where the culture that has evolved up to the previous generation is more likely to be relevant for the subsequent generation. We test this hypothesis by measuring the variability of average temperature across 20-year generations from 500-1900. Looking across countries, ethnic groups, and the descendants of immigrants, we find that populations with ancestors who lived in environments with more stability from one generation to the next place a greater importance in maintaining tradition today. These populations also exhibit more persistence in their traditions over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuliano, Paola & Nunn, Nathan, 2017. "Understanding Cultural Persistence and Change," CEPR Discussion Papers 12170, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12170
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Samuel Bazzi & Martin Fiszbein & Mesay Gebresilasse, 2017. "Frontier Culture: The Roots and Persistence of “Rugged Individualism†in the United States," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2018-004, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    2. Christoph Eder & Martin Halla, 2017. "Economic Origins of Cultural Norms: The Case of Animal Husbandry and Bastardy," Working Papers 2017-14, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
    3. repec:kap:jecgro:v:22:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10887-017-9144-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Oded Galor & Viacheslav Savitskiy, 2018. "Climatic Roots of Loss Aversion," Working Papers 2018-1, Brown University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cultural change; Cultural persistence; weather instability;

    JEL classification:

    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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