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Regional wage differences in the Netherlands: Micro-evidence on agglomeration externalities

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  • Stefan Groot

    () (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

  • Henri de Groot

    (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis)

  • Martijn Smit

Abstract

Based on micro-data on individual workers for the period 2000–2005, we show that regional wage differentials in the Netherlands are small but present. A large part of these differentials can be attributed to individual characteristics of workers. Remaining effects are partially explained by variations in employment density, with an elasticity of about 3.8 percent and by Marshall-Arrow-Romer externalities, where doubling the share of a (2-digit NACE) industry results in a 2.4 percent higher productivity. We find evidence for a negative effect of competition (associated with Porter externalities) and diversity (associated with Jacobs externalities).

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Groot & Henri de Groot & Martijn Smit, 2011. "Regional wage differences in the Netherlands: Micro-evidence on agglomeration externalities," CPB Discussion Paper 184, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpb:discus:184
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    Cited by:

    1. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Gobillon, Laurent, 2015. "The Empirics of Agglomeration Economies," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    2. Yang, Guangliang & Li, Lixing & Fu, Shihe, 2017. "Do Rural Migrants Benefit from Labor Market Agglomeration Economies? Evidence from Chinese Cities," MPRA Paper 80713, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Anderstig, Christer & Berglund, Svante & Eliasson, Jonas & Andersson, Matts & Pyddoke, Roger, 2012. "Congestion charges and labour market imperfections: “Wider economic benefits” or “losses”?," Working papers in Transport Economics 2012:4, CTS - Centre for Transport Studies Stockholm (KTH and VTI).
    4. repec:spr:anresc:v:58:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0807-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Chauvin, Juan Pablo & Glaeser, Edward & Ma, Yueran & Tobio, Kristina, 2017. "What is different about urbanization in rich and poor countries? Cities in Brazil, China, India and the United States," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 17-49.
    6. Sierdjan Koster & André Stel, 2014. "The relationship between start-ups, market mobility and employment growth: An empirical analysis for Dutch regions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(1), pages 203-217, March.
    7. Edyta Laszkiewicz, 2016. "Determinants Of Hourly Wages Inequality In Selected European Metropolises. The Results From The Multilevel Modelling," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 11(4), pages 853-869, December.
    8. Evert J Meijers & Martijn J Burger, 2017. "Stretching the concept of ‘borrowed size’," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 54(1), pages 269-291, January.
    9. Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi, 2014. "Regional labor markets in Brazil: the role of skills and agglomeration economies," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2014_18, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    10. Murillo Huertas, Inés P. & Ramos, Raul & Simón, Hipólito, 2017. "Revisiting Interregional Wage Differentials: New Evidence from Spain with Matched Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 11122, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    11. Gustavo Adolfo García, 2016. "Agglomeration Economies in the Presence of an Informal Sector. The Colombian Case," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 014575, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    12. Stefan P.T. Groot & Henri L.F. de Groot & Paolo Veneri, 2012. "The Educational Bias in Commuting Patterns: Micro-Evidence for the Netherlands," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-080/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    13. Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi, 2016. "Should I Stay Or Should I Go? Dynamic Agglomeration Economies In Brazil," Anais do XLIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 43rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 164, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    14. Venhorst, V. & Cörvers, F., 2015. "Entry into working life: Spatial mobility and the job match quality of higher-educated graduates," ROA Research Memorandum 003, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
    15. Stefan Groot & Henri de Groot, 2011. "Wage inequality in the Netherlands: Evidence, trends and explanations," CPB Discussion Paper 186, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    16. Willemijn Van Der Straaten & Jan Rouwendal, 2011. "Why are the commuting distances of power couples so short? An analysis of the location preferences of households," ERSA conference papers ersa10p816, European Regional Science Association.
    17. Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi & Eduardo Amaral Haddad & Peter Nijkamp, 2016. "Industrial scope of agglomeration economies in Brazil," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 56(3), pages 707-755, May.
    18. Stefan P.T. Groot & Henri L.F. de Groot, 2014. "Estimating the Skill Bias in Agglomeration Externalities and Social Returns to Education: Evidence from Dutch Matched Worker-Firm Micro-data," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-088/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    19. Paul Verstraten & Gerard Verweij & Peter Zwaneveld, 2018. "Why do wages grow faster in urban areas? Sorting of high potentials matters," CPB Discussion Paper 377, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    20. Paul Verstraten & Gerard Verweij & Peter Zwaneveld, 2018. "Complexities in the spatial scope of agglomeration economies," CPB Discussion Paper 376, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

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    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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