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Purchasing Power Parity in an Emerging Market Economy: A Long-Span Study for Chile

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  • César Calderón
  • Roberto Duncan

Abstract

Recent research has found evidence that supports the purchasing power parity (PPP) condition in developed countries using very long-span data, while evidence for developing countries is almost nonexistent. This paper tries to fulfill this void by testing the validity of PPP as a long run equilibrium condition for Chile, using data, since its birth as a nation, developed by Díaz, Lüders and Wagner (2003). A battery of unit-root and cointegration tests is applied. We found evidence in favor of PPP. Results are robust to changes in the domestic price index, to changes in the sample period, and to the econometric technique applied.

Suggested Citation

  • César Calderón & Roberto Duncan, 2003. "Purchasing Power Parity in an Emerging Market Economy: A Long-Span Study for Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 215, Central Bank of Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:215
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    Cited by:

    1. HOLMES, Mark J, 2008. "Non-Linear Trend Stationarity And Co-Trending In Latin American Real Exchange Rates," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(1), pages 107-118.
    2. José De Gregorio & Andrea Tokman & Rodrigo Valdés, 2005. "Tipo de cambio flexible y fijación de metas inflacionarias en Chile: experiencia y aspectos resaltantes," Research Department Publications 4428, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Jorge Miranda P., 2013. "Deviation of the purchasing power parity hypothesis and equilibrium real exchange rate: Chile 1986-2011," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 16(3), pages 04-31, December.
    4. Rodrigo Caputo G. & Marco Núñez N. & Rodrigo Valdés P., 2008. "Análisis del tipo de cambio en la práctica," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research,in: Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos (CEMLA) (ed.), Estimación y Uso de Variables no Observables en la Región, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 11, pages 313-364 Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    5. Rodrigo Caputo G. & Marco Núñez N, 2008. "Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Chile: Alternative Approaches," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 11(2), pages 59-77, August.
    6. Roberto Duncan, 2015. "Simple Models to Understand and Teach Business Cycle Macroeconomics for Emerging Market and Developing Economies," Working Papers 2015-49, Peruvian Economic Association.
    7. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Luis A. Gil-Alana, 2010. "Real Exchange Rates In Latin America: The Ppp Hypothesis And Fractional Integration," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 1-21, June.
    8. César Calderón M., 2004. "Un Análisis del Comportamiento del Tipo de Cambio Real en Chile," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 7(1), pages 5-30, April.
    9. Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2006. "La Gran Transición de Regímenes Cambiarios y Monetarios en América Latina," Economic Policy Papers Central Bank of Chile 17, Central Bank of Chile.
    10. Marcos José Dal Bianco, 2008. "Argentinean real exchange rate 1900-2006, test purchasing power parity theory," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 35(1 Year 20), pages 33-64, June.
    11. Hwa-Taek Lee & Gawon Yoon, 2013. "Does purchasing power parity hold sometimes? Regime switching in real exchange rates," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(16), pages 2279-2294, June.
    12. José De Gregorio & Andrea Tokman & Rodrigo Valdés, 2005. "Tipo de Cambio Flexible con Metas de Inflación en Chile: Experiencia y Temas de Interés," Economic Policy Papers Central Bank of Chile 14, Central Bank of Chile.
    13. Miranda, Jorge, 2012. "Tipo de Cambio Real en Chile: Dinámica, Tendencia y Equilibrio
      [Real Exchange Rate in Chile: Dynamics, Trend and Equilibrium]
      ," MPRA Paper 43076, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. José De Gregorio & Andrea Tokman & Rodrigo Valdés, 2005. "Flexible Exchange Rate with Inflation Targeting in Chile: Experience and Issues," Research Department Publications 4427, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    15. Tri WIDODO, 2015. "Purchasing Power Parity And Productivity-Bias Hypothesis," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 16, pages 9-38, December.
    16. Widodo, Tri, 2007. "Productivity Differentials and Purchasing Power Parity: Cases of Indonesia and Korea," MPRA Paper 78217, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. repec:gam:jecnmx:v:5:y:2017:i:3:p:29-:d:103932 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Rodrigo Caputo G. & Marco Núñez N. & Rodrigo O. Valdés P., 2008. "Exchange Rate Analysis in Practice," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 11(1), pages 61-91, April.

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    JEL classification:

    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • C29 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Other
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General

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