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Carbon Leakage and Capacity-Based Allocations. Is the EU right?

Author

Listed:
  • Guy Meunier
  • Jean-Pierre Ponssard
  • Philippe Quirion

Abstract

Two main approaches have been implemented in regional CO2 markets to address competitiveness and carbon leakage: output based allocation (Australia, California, New Zealand) and capacity based allocation (EU). This paper characterizes the best policy, given that auctioning with border adjustment is excluded. A simple model is used in which the regional demand is subject to business cycles, and the import pressure depends on the demand level and capacity constraints. A combination of output and capacity based allocation is proved to be the optimal second best policy. The EU scheme for 2013-2020 is discussed, using cement as a case study.

Suggested Citation

  • Guy Meunier & Jean-Pierre Ponssard & Philippe Quirion, 2012. "Carbon Leakage and Capacity-Based Allocations. Is the EU right?," CESifo Working Paper Series 4029, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4029
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Böhringer, Christoph & Rosendahl, Knut Einar & Briseid Storrøsten, Halvor, 2015. "Smart hedging against carbon leakage," Working Paper Series 14-2015, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, School of Economics and Business.
    2. Frédéric Branger & Misato Sato, 2017. "Solving the clinker dilemma with hybrid output-based allocation," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 140(3), pages 483-501, February.
    3. repec:cup:endeec:v:22:y:2017:i:06:p:725-746_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:pubeco:v:149:y:2017:i:c:p:35-46 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ralf Martin & Mirabelle Mu?ls & Laure B. de Preux & Ulrich J. Wagner, 2014. "Industry Compensation under Relocation Risk: A Firm-Level Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(8), pages 2482-2508, August.
    6. Martin, Ralf & Muûls, Mirabelle & de Preux, Laure B. & Wagner, Ulrich J., 2014. "On the empirical content of carbon leakage criteria in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 78-88.
    7. Anouliès, Lisa, 2017. "Heterogeneous firms and the environment: a cap-and-trade program," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 84-101.
    8. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1247-:d:104856 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Meunier, Guy & Ponssard, Jean-Pierre, 2014. "Capacity decisions with demand fluctuations and carbon leakage," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 436-454.
    10. Christoph Böhringer & Knut Einar Rosendahl & Halvor Briseid Storrøsten, 2015. "Mitigating Carbon Leakage: Combining Output-Based Rebating with a Consumption Tax," CESifo Working Paper Series 5459, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Vera Zipperer & Misato Sato & Karsten Neuhoff, 2017. "Benchmarks for Emissions Trading – General Principles for Emissions Scope," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1712, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    12. Aleksandar Zaklan & Bente Bauer, 2015. "Europe's Mechanism for Countering the Risk of Carbon Leakage," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 72, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    13. Zhang, Zengkai & Zhang, Zhongxiang, 2017. "Intermediate input linkage and carbon leakage," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, pages 725-746.
    14. Frédéric Branger & Jean-Pierre Ponssard & Oliver Sartor & Misato Sato, 2015. "EU ETS, Free Allocations, and Activity Level Thresholds: The Devil Lies in the Details," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, University of Chicago Press, pages 401-437.
    15. Guy Meunier & Juan-Pablo Montero & Jean-Pierre Ponssard, 2017. "Using Output-Based Allocations to Manage Volatility and Leakage in Pollution Markets," CESifo Working Paper Series 6334, CESifo Group Munich.
    16. Branger, Frédéric & Quirion, Philippe, 2015. "Reaping the carbon rent: Abatement and overallocation profits in the European cement industry, insights from an LMDI decomposition analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 189-205.
    17. Guy Meunier & Jean-Pierre Ponssard & Catherine Thomas, 2016. "Capacity Investment under Demand Uncertainty: The Role of Imports in the U.S. Cement Industry," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 455-486, April.
    18. repec:era:chaptr:2015-rpr-23-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Chang, Kai & Zhang, Chao & Chang, Hao, 2016. "Emissions reduction allocation and economic welfare estimation through interregional emissions trading in China: Evidence from efficiency and equity," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1125-1135.
    20. Golombek, Rolf & Kittelsen, Sverre A.C. & Rosendahl, Knut Einar, 2013. "Price and welfare effects of emission quota allocation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 568-580.
    21. Antoniou, Fabio & Kyriakopoulou, Efthymia, 2015. "On The Strategic Effect of International Permits Trading on Local Pollution: The Case of Multiple Pollutants," Working Papers in Economics 610, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    22. Mar Reguant & Meredith Fowlie, 2017. "Measuring and Mitigating Leakage Risk," 2017 Meeting Papers 383, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    23. Guy Meunier & Juan-Pablo Montero & Jean-Pierre Ponssard, 2016. "Output-based allocations in pollution markets with uncertainty and self-selection," Working Papers hal-01321372, HAL.
    24. Frédéric Branger & Oskar Lecuyer & Philippe Quirion, 2013. "The European Union Emissions Trading System : should we throw the flagship out with the bathwater ?," CIRED Working Papers hal-00866408, HAL.
    25. repec:eee:eneeco:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:332-347 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cap and trade; output based allocation; subsidization of capacity; climate policy; carbon leakage; competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • L74 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Construction

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