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Solving the clinker dilemma with hybrid output-based allocation

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  • Frédéric Branger
  • Misato Sato

Abstract

This paper proposes an innovative solution to distribute free allowances to the cement sector under emissions trading systems, called hybrid output-based allocation (OBA). We demonstrate that unlike many of the allocation methods currently being used, our design provides incentives which are aligned with the mitigation options available to this sector in the short to medium term. Specifically, it increases the incentive to improve the carbon intensity of clinker production; reduces the incentive to import clinker to avoid carbon costs; increases the incentive to use more low-carbon clinker alternatives to produce cement; and finally it reduces excess allocation and reduces incentives to inflate production volumes to obtain more free allowances. The hybrid OBA does not, however, provide incentives to reduce the consumption of cement or to bring about break-through technologies, hence should be considered as a mid-term solution to aid the decarbonization of the cement sector in conjunction with other support mechanisms.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Branger & Misato Sato, 2015. "Solving the clinker dilemma with hybrid output-based allocation," GRI Working Papers 201, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
  • Handle: RePEc:lsg:lsgwps:wp201
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Vögele & Dirk Rübbelke & Kristina Govorukha & Matthias Grajewski, 2020. "Socio-technical scenarios for energy-intensive industries: the future of steel production in Germany," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 162(4), pages 1763-1778, October.
    2. Philippe Quirion, 2021. "Output-Based Allocation and Output-Based Rebates: A survey," Policy Papers 2021.01, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.
    3. Miria A. Pigato, 2019. "Fiscal Policies for Development and Climate Action," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 31051.
    4. Vera Zipperer & Misato Sato & Karsten Neuhoff, 2017. "Benchmarks for Emissions Trading – General Principles for Emissions Scope," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1712, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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