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The dollar, bank leverage and real economic activity: an evolving relationship


  • Burcu Erik
  • Marco Jacopo Lombardi
  • Dubravko Mihaljek
  • Hyun Song Shin


The interest in how financial conditions affect real economic activity has grown since the Great Financial Crisis (GFC), not least because some of the mechanisms at play in the financial sector may have changed. We shed light on this issue by examining the empirical relationship between global Purchasing Managers' Indices, world trade and indicators of global financial conditions, with a special focus on the broad dollar index. We show that the influence of the dollar on real economic activity and global trade seems to have increased since the GFC, while that of the VIX has decreased.

Suggested Citation

  • Burcu Erik & Marco Jacopo Lombardi & Dubravko Mihaljek & Hyun Song Shin, 2020. "The dollar, bank leverage and real economic activity: an evolving relationship," BIS Working Papers 847, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:847

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Valentina Bruno & Se-Jik Kim, 2018. "Exchange Rates and the Working Capital Channel of Trade Fluctuations," BIS Working Papers 694, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Clark, Todd E. & McCracken, Michael W., 2012. "In-sample tests of predictive ability: A new approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 170(1), pages 1-14.
    3. Douglas W. Diamond & Yunzhi Hu & Raghuram G. Rajan, 2020. "The Spillovers from Easy Liquidity and the Implications for Multilateralism," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 68(1), pages 4-34, March.
    4. Valentina Bruno & Se-Jik Kim & Hyun Shin, 2018. "Exchange Rates and the Working Capital Channel of Trade Fluctuations," AEA Papers and Proceedings, American Economic Association, vol. 108, pages 531-536, May.
    5. Silvia Miranda-Agrippino & Hélène Rey, 2020. "The Global Financial Cycle after Lehman," AEA Papers and Proceedings, American Economic Association, vol. 110, pages 523-528, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Avdjiev & Egemen Eren & Patrick McGuire, 2020. "Dollar funding costs during the Covid-19 crisis through the lens of the FX swap market," BIS Bulletins 1, Bank for International Settlements.

    More about this item


    financial conditions; economic activity; world trade; dollar exchange rate; bank leverage; purchasing managers' indices; nowcasting; global supply chains;

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • F6 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization

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