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El mercado laboral rural en Colombia, 2010-2019


  • Andrea Otero-Cortés

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)


El mercado laboral rural Colombia difiere en forma importante del urbano no solo en la composición del empleo, sino también en los problemas que enfrenta. En este trabajo se identificaron tres hechos estilizados del mercado laboral rural que merecen atención de forma prioritaria: (i) la participación laboral femenina es muy baja comparada con la de los hombres de las zonas rurales y la de las mujeres ubicadas en las cabeceras, y la tasa de desempleo femenina es más alta en las zonas rurales que en las cabeceras; (ii) las tasas de informalidad laboral rural son significativamente más altas que las urbanas y la cobertura pensional rural es precaria (inferior al 15% para todo el periodo analizado); y (iii) el trabajo infantil aún es una práctica común que, aunque ha disminuido en el tiempo, todavía una proporción significativa de niños y adolescentes trabajan de forma ilegal y, además, no asisten al colegio por estar trabajando. **** ABSTRACT: The Colombian rural labor market differs significantly from the urban labor market not only in the job composition, which is substantially different, but also in the problems it faces. In this paper, I identify three stylized facts of the rural labor market that deserve priority attention: i) female labor participation is very low compared to men’s participation in rural markets and with respect to women located in the urban areas and, in additional to that, women in the rural areas face a higher unemployment rate than men and urban women; ii) rural labor informality rates are significantly higher than urban ones and rural pension coverage is precarious (less than 15% for the entire period analyzed); and iii) child labor is still a common practice and although it has declined over time, still a significant proportion of children and adolescents work illegally and, as a consequence, do not attend school.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero-Cortés, 2019. "El mercado laboral rural en Colombia, 2010-2019," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 281, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:281

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    Cited by:

    1. Camilo Bohorquez-Penuela & Andrea Otero-Cortes, 2020. "Blame it on the Rain: The Effects of Weather Shocks on Formal Rural Employment in Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 292, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item


    Mercado laboral rural; informalidad; desempleo; trabajo infantile; Rural labor market; Informality; Unemployment; Child labor;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market

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