IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/bdr/region/281.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

El mercado laboral rural en Colombia, 2010-2019

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Otero-Cortés

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

El mercado laboral rural Colombia difiere en forma importante del urbano no solo en la composición del empleo, sino también en los problemas que enfrenta. En este trabajo se identificaron tres hechos estilizados del mercado laboral rural que merecen atención de forma prioritaria: (i) la participación laboral femenina es muy baja comparada con la de los hombres de las zonas rurales y la de las mujeres ubicadas en las cabeceras, y la tasa de desempleo femenina es más alta en las zonas rurales que en las cabeceras; (ii) las tasas de informalidad laboral rural son significativamente más altas que las urbanas y la cobertura pensional rural es precaria (inferior al 15% para todo el periodo analizado); y (iii) el trabajo infantil aún es una práctica común que, aunque ha disminuido en el tiempo, todavía una proporción significativa de niños y adolescentes trabajan de forma ilegal y, además, no asisten al colegio por estar trabajando. **** ABSTRACT: The Colombian rural labor market differs significantly from the urban labor market not only in the job composition, which is substantially different, but also in the problems it faces. In this paper, I identify three stylized facts of the rural labor market that deserve priority attention: i) female labor participation is very low compared to men’s participation in rural markets and with respect to women located in the urban areas and, in additional to that, women in the rural areas face a higher unemployment rate than men and urban women; ii) rural labor informality rates are significantly higher than urban ones and rural pension coverage is precarious (less than 15% for the entire period analyzed); and iii) child labor is still a common practice and although it has declined over time, still a significant proportion of children and adolescents work illegally and, as a consequence, do not attend school.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero-Cortés, 2019. "El mercado laboral rural en Colombia, 2010-2019," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 281, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:281
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.281
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.281
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Camilo Bohorquez-Penuela & Andrea Otero-Cortes, 2020. "Blame it on the Rain: The Effects of Weather Shocks on Formal Rural Employment in Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 292, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mercado laboral rural; informalidad; desempleo; trabajo infantile; Rural labor market; Informality; Unemployment; Child labor;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:region:281. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/brcgvco.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.