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Les rendements de l'éducation en comparaison internationale

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  • Denis Maguain

Abstract

We use two complementary methods to estimate private returns to education. The first (Mincer, 1974) is the earnings-function method, where education andwork experience are explanatoryvariables. Thesecond, called the??full? method, incorporates the costs of human capital investment and computes the discount rate equating the streams of education benefits and costs over individuals'life cycles. Both methods are also used at the aggregate level to estimate social returns to education. Differences in returns depend on (1) each country's economic and social models and (2) the institutional context of education systems (selection and, especially, financing). These methods show that France ranks among the industrialized countries where investment in human capital yields the highest returns, particularly in higher education, in both private and social terms. France shares the lead with the United States and United Kingdom, well ahead of Scandinavian countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Maguain, 2007. "Les rendements de l'éducation en comparaison internationale," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 87-106.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:ecoldc:ecop_180_0087
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    Cited by:

    1. Denis Fougère & Arthur Heim, 2019. "L'évaluation socioéconomique de l'investissement social," Working Papers hal-03456048, HAL.

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