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Home or away? Gender differences in the effects of an expansion of tertiary education supply

Author

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  • Lucia Rizzica

    () (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to estimate the effects of the expansion of tertiary education supply on the educational choices of young Italian high school graduates. A quasi-experimental setting given by the reform of the tertiary education system implemented in 2001 is exploited. The reform was embraced at different points in time and to different degrees: it created significant changes in local educational supply in certain provinces while being only marginally relevant in others. This geographical variation is exploited through a diff-in-diff strategy to estimate the impact of the increase in tertiary education supply on enrolment and the mobility decisions of high school graduates. Major gender differences emerge: the increase of local tertiary education supply generated a significant increase in female enrolment rates leaving unchanged those of males; men, on the other hand, switched from studying outside their province of residence to studying at the local university. These results would suggest the existence of a relationship of substitutability between studying away from home and studying at the local university for boys, but not for girls.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucia Rizzica, 2013. "Home or away? Gender differences in the effects of an expansion of tertiary education supply," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 181, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_181_13
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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/qef/2013-0181/QEF_181_ITA.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. De Angelis Ilaria & Mariani Vincenzo & Torrini Roberto, 2017. "New Evidence on Interregional Mobility of Students in Tertiary Education: The Case of Italy," Politica economica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 73-96.
    2. Effrosyni Adamopoulou & Giulia Martina Tanzi, 2014. "Academic performance and the Great Recession," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 970, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    human capital; tertiary education; gender; evaluation of education reform;

    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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