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The Expansion of Higher Education in Sweden and the Issue of Equality of Opportunity

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    This paper analyzes to what extent the political mean of rapidly increasing higher education in the 1990s in Sweden has decreased educational inequalities (i.e. the choice of attending higher education has become less dependent on family background in the 1990s than before). Smaller regional colleges were heavily exposed to the expansion of higher education. Although the parental impact on the educational choice of their youths grew stronger in the 1990s compared to the 1980s, difference-in-difference estimates show that the educational association between parents and their youths grew less in the geographical areas of the regional university colleges than in Sweden as a whole. Some support is provided here that social mobility has increased, in the sense that most socioeconomic groups gained from the educational expansion, except for the group with the least educated parents.

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    Paper provided by Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University in its series CAFO Working Papers with number 2007:5.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: 01 Sep 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:vxcafo:2007_005
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, SE 351 95 Växjö, Sweden
    Phone: +46 470 70 87 64
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    1. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
    2. Rouse, Cecilia Elena, 1995. "Democratization or Diversion? The Effect of Community Colleges on Educational Attainment," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 217-24, April.
    3. Angrist, Joshua D. & Krueger, Alan B., 1999. "Empirical strategies in labor economics," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 23, pages 1277-1366 Elsevier.
    4. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-89, December.
    5. Richard B. Freeman, 1980. "The Facts about the Declining Economic Value of College," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 15(1), pages 124-142.
    6. Edin, P.-A. & Fredriksson, P., 2000. "LINDA - Longitudinal INdividual DAta for Sweden," Papers 2000:19, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
    7. Thomas J. Kane & Cecilia Elena Rouse, 1999. "The Community College: Educating Students at the Margin between College and Work," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 63-84, Winter.
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