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Democratization or Diversion? The Effect of Community Colleges on Educational Attainment

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  • Rouse, Cecilia Elena

Abstract

This paper estimates the impact of community colleges on educational attainment. Community colleges attract those who might not have otherwise attended college (democratization); they also attract students who might otherwise have attended a four-year college (diversion). The effect of democratization on educational attainment is nonnegative; the effect of diversion is unclear. The author uses community college accessibility to instrument for the type of college attended. The results suggest that two-year college students diverted from a four-year college complete fewer years of education. Overall, however, community colleges increase total years of schooling, but do not change the likelihood of attaining a bachelor's degree.

Suggested Citation

  • Rouse, Cecilia Elena, 1995. "Democratization or Diversion? The Effect of Community Colleges on Educational Attainment," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 217-224, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bes:jnlbes:v:13:y:1995:i:2:p:217-24
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