Democratization or Diversion? The Effect of Community Colleges on Educational Attainment
This paper estimates the impact of community colleges on educational attainment. Community colleges attract those who might not have otherwise attended college (democratization); they also attract students who might otherwise have attended a four-year college (diversion). The effect of democratization on educational attainment is nonnegative; the effect of diversion is unclear. The author uses community college accessibility to instrument for the type of college attended. The results suggest that two-year college students diverted from a four-year college complete fewer years of education. Overall, however, community colleges increase total years of schooling, but do not change the likelihood of attaining a bachelor's degree.
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Volume (Year): 13 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
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