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New Evidence on Interregional Mobility of Students in Tertiary Education: The Case of Italy

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  • Ilaria De Angelis
  • Vincenzo Mariani
  • Roberto Torrini

Abstract

A relatively low geographical mobility of students in the Centre and North of Italy and a large incidence of movers from southern regions to universities located in the Centre and North are well-established features of the Italian academic system. Exploiting a novel administrative dataset on academic enrolments, this paper shows that the mobility of students has increased in recent years. We highlight that the increase in mobility, which has occurred in a period of declining entry rates, is not attributable to a change in the composition of the enrolling students. We investigate some of the main drivers of student mobility by relating regional flows to the attractiveness of universities and show that mobility is positively associated with the quality of research and teaching and with the job prospects offered by the hosting university. Student flows are instead negatively correlated with the distance between the university and the region of origin and with drop-out rates. The empirical evidence also suggests that in recent years the distance from the university of destination has become less relevant in explaining mobility, whereas the role played by university quality has increased.

Suggested Citation

  • Ilaria De Angelis & Vincenzo Mariani & Roberto Torrini, 2017. "New Evidence on Interregional Mobility of Students in Tertiary Education: The Case of Italy," Politica economica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 73-96.
  • Handle: RePEc:mul:je8794:doi:10.1429/86377:y:2017:i:1:p:73-96
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Beine, Michel & Noël, Romain & Ragot, Lionel, 2014. "Determinants of the international mobility of students," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 40-54.
    2. Patrizia Ordine & Claudio Lupi, 2009. "Family Income and Students' Mobility," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 68(1), pages 1-23, April.
    3. Bratti, Massimiliano & Verzillo, Stefano, 2017. "The 'Gravity' of Quality: Research Quality and Universities' Attractiveness in Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 11026, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Matthias Parey & Fabian Waldinger, 2011. "Studying Abroad and the Effect on International Labour Market Mobility: Evidence from the Introduction of ERASMUS," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(551), pages 194-222, March.
    5. Cappellari, Lorenzo & Lucifora, Claudio, 2009. "The "Bologna Process" and college enrollment decisions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 638-647, December.
    6. Ilya Prakhov & Maria Bocharova, 2016. "Socio-Economic Predictors of Student Mobility," HSE Working papers WP BRP 34/EDU/2016, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    7. Daria Ciriaci, 2014. "Does University Quality Influence the Interregional Mobility of Students and Graduates? The Case of Italy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(10), pages 1592-1608, October.
    8. Brunello, Giorgio & Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2008. "The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 564-574, October.
    9. Ilaria De Angelis & Vincenzo Mariani & Francesca Modena & Pasqualino Montanaro, 2016. "Academic enrolment, careers and student mobility in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 354, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2004. "College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay For It," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number hoxb04-1, Juni.
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    12. Lucia Rizzica, 2013. "Home or away? Gender differences in the effects of an expansion of tertiary education supply," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 181, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Modena & Giulia Martina Tanzi & Enrico Rettore, 2018. "The effect of grants on university drop-out rates: evidence on the Italian case," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1193, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    University; Student Mobility; Quality of Research; Labour Market.;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I - Health, Education, and Welfare

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