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New evidence on interregional mobility of students in tertiary education: the case of Italy

Listed author(s):
  • Ilaria De Angelis

    ()

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Vincenzo Mariani

    ()

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Roberto Torrini

    ()

    (Bank of Italy)

A relatively low geographical mobility of students in the Centre and North of the country and a large incidence of movers from southern regions to universities located in the Centre and North are well-established features of the Italian academic system. Exploiting a novel administrative dataset on academic enrolments, this paper shows that the interregional mobility of Italian students has increased in recent years. We highlight that the increase in mobility, which has occurred in a period of declining entry rates, is not attributable to a change in the composition of the enrolling students. We investigate some of the main drivers of student mobility by relating regional flows to the attractiveness of universities and show that mobility is positively associated with the quality of research and teaching and with the job prospects offered by the hosting university. Student flows are instead negatively correlated with the distance between the university and the region of origin and with drop-out rates. The empirical evidence also suggests that in recent years the distance from the university of destination has become less relevant in explaining mobility, whereas the role played by university quality has increased.

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File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/qef/2017-0380/QEF_380_17.pdf
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Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) with number 380.

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Date of creation: Jun 2017
Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_380_17
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  1. Daria Ciriaci, 2014. "Does University Quality Influence the Interregional Mobility of Students and Graduates? The Case of Italy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(10), pages 1592-1608, October.
  2. Emanuele Ciani & Vincenzo Mariani, 2014. "How the labour market evaluates Italian universities," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 247, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  3. Brunello, Giorgio & Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2008. "The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 564-574, October.
  4. Patrizia Ordine & Claudio Lupi, 2009. "Family Income and Students' Mobility," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 68(1), pages 1-23, April.
  5. Beine, Michel & Noël, Romain & Ragot, Lionel, 2014. "Determinants of the international mobility of students," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 40-54.
  6. Matthias Parey & Fabian Waldinger, 2011. "Studying Abroad and the Effect on International Labour Market Mobility: Evidence from the Introduction of ERASMUS," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(551), pages 194-222, March.
  7. Lucia Rizzica, 2013. "Home or away? Gender differences in the effects of an expansion of tertiary education supply," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 181, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  8. Cappellari, Lorenzo & Lucifora, Claudio, 2009. "The "Bologna Process" and college enrollment decisions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 638-647, December.
  9. Ilya Prakhov & Maria Bocharova, 2016. "Socio-Economic Predictors of Student Mobility," HSE Working papers WP BRP 34/EDU/2016, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  10. Ilaria De Angelis & Vincenzo Mariani & Francesca Modena & Pasqualino Montanaro, 2016. "Academic enrolment, careers and student mobility in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 354, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  11. Caroline Minter Hoxby, 2004. "Introduction to "College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay For It"," NBER Chapters,in: College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay For It, pages 1-12 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2004. "College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay For It," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number hoxb04-1, November.
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