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Land Consolidation, Specialization, and Household Diets: Evidence from Rwanda

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  • Magrini, E.
  • Del Prete, D.
  • Ghins, L.
  • Pauw, K.

Abstract

Since 2007 the Rwandan government has pursued a large-scale Crop Intensification Program entailing land consolidation and a regionalized approach to crop production support. As agricultural development is generally associated with improved food and nutrition security outcomes, the Rwandan development strategy has supported the increased crop specialization by smallholders with the assumption that as incomes improve, households could increasingly rely on markets for maintaining diverse and nutritious diets. Despite its scale, no detailed assessment of the causal relationship between land consolidation under CIP and food and nutrition security outcomes has been carried out. Using recent household survey data and a propensity score matching difference-in-difference method, we find that participation in land consolidation activities had an ambiguous effect. On the one hand it positively impacted on consumption of roots and tubers, while on the other, had negative effect on meat, fish and fruits consumption and potential availability of vitamin B12 in participants diets. The share of consolidated land, the emphasis on cultivating only certain priority crops, and market access are identified as important explanatory factors . This calls for a review of CIP implementation practices so that its capacity to achieve broad food and nutrition security objectives is further improved. Acknowledgement :

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  • Magrini, E. & Del Prete, D. & Ghins, L. & Pauw, K., 2018. "Land Consolidation, Specialization, and Household Diets: Evidence from Rwanda," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277127, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae18:277127
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.277127
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    Cited by:

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    2. Mireille Mizero & Aristide Maniriho & Bosco Bashangwa Mpozi & Antoine Karangwa & Philippe Burny & Philippe Lebailly, 2021. "Rwanda’s Land Policy Reform: Self-Employment Perspectives from a Case Study of Kimonyi Sector," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-17, January.
    3. Zhang, Dongli & Wang, Wenxiong & Zhou, Wei & Zhang, Xiaoling & Zuo, Jian, 2020. "The effect on poverty alleviation and income increase of rural land consolidation in different models: A China study," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    4. Aimable Nsabimana & Ranjula Bali Swain & Yves Surry & Jean Chrysostome Ngabitsinze, 2020. "Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: a household microdata analysis," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 8(1), pages 1-20, December.
    5. Kreft, Cordelia & Huber, Robert & Wuepper, David & Finger, Robert, 2021. "The role of non-cognitive skills in farmers' adoption of climate change mitigation measures," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 189(C).
    6. Muyombano, Emmanuel & Espling, Margareta, 2020. "Land use consolidation in Rwanda: The experiences of small-scale farmers in Musanze District, Northern Province," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    7. Nsabimana Aimable & Niyitanga Fidele & Weatherspoon Dave D. & Naseem Anwar, 2021. "Land Policy and Food Prices: Evidence from a Land Consolidation Program in Rwanda," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 19(1), pages 63-73, May.
    8. Weatherspoon Dave D. & Miller Steven R. & Weatherspoon Lorraine J. & Niyitanga Fidele & Oehmke James F., 2021. "Rwanda’s Commercialization of Smallholder Agriculture: Implications for Rural Food Production and Household Food Choices," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 19(1), pages 51-62, May.

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