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Inequality and the Economic Participation of Women in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Empirical Investigation

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  • Simplice A. Asongu

    () (Yaoundé/Cameroon)

  • Nicholas M. Odhiambo

    () (Pretoria, South Africa)

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of inequality on female employment in 42 countries in sub-Saharan Africa for the period 2004-2014. Three inequality indicators are used, namely, the: Gini coefficient, Atkinson index and Palma ratio. Two indicators of gender inclusion are also employed, namely: female employment and female unemployment rates. The empirical analysis is based on the Generalised Method of Moments (GMM).The following main findings are established. First, inequality increases female unemployment in regressions based on the Palma ratio. Second, from the robustness checks, inequality reduces female employment within the frameworks of the Gini coefficient and Palma ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Inequality and the Economic Participation of Women in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Empirical Investigation," CEREDEC Working Papers 19/027, Centre de Recherche pour le Développement Economique (CEREDEC).
  • Handle: RePEc:aby:wpaper:19/027
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Income Levels, Governance and Inclusive Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," CEREDEC Working Papers 19/036, Centre de Recherche pour le Développement Economique (CEREDEC).
    2. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2020. "Inequality thresholds, governance and gender economic inclusion in sub-Saharan Africa," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 94-114, January.
    3. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 0. "Income Levels, Governance and Inclusive Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," Applied Research in Quality of Life, Springer;International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, vol. 0, pages 1-33.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Africa; Gender; Inclusive development;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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