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Governance, CO2 emissions and Inclusive Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Simplice A. Asongu

    () (Yaoundé/Cameroon)

  • Nicholas M. Odhiambo

    () (Pretoria, South Africa)

Abstract

This study investigates the relevance of government quality in moderating the incidence of environmental degradation on inclusive human development in 44 sub-Saharan African countries for the period 2000-2012. Environmental degradation is measured with CO2 emissions and the governance dynamics include: political stability, voice and accountability, government effectiveness, regulation quality, the rule of law and corruption-control. The empirical evidence is based on the Generalised Method of Moments. Regulation quality modulates CO2 emissions to exert a net negative effect on inclusive development. Institutional governance (consisting of corruption-control and the rule of law) modulates CO2 emissions to also exert a net negative effect on inclusive human development. Fortunately, the corresponding interactive effects are positive, which indicates that good governance needs to be enhanced to achieve positive net effects. A policy threshold of institutional governance at which institutional governance completely dampens the unfavourable effect of CO2 emissions on inclusive human development is established. Other policy implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Governance, CO2 emissions and Inclusive Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 19/011, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
  • Handle: RePEc:exs:wpaper:19/011
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2018. "Environmental Degradation and Inclusive Human Development in sub†Saharan Africa," Research Africa Network Working Papers 18/017, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    2. Simplice A. Asongu, 2019. "Natural Resource Exports, Foreign Aid and Terrorism," Working Papers 19/023, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).

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    Keywords

    CO2 emissions; Economic development; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • P37 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Legal

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