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How enhancing information and communication technology has affected inequality in Africa for sustainable development :An empirical investigation

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  • Asongu, Simplice A
  • Odhiambo, Nicholas M

Abstract

This study examines if enhancing ICT reduces inequality in 48 countries in Africa for the period2004-2014. Three inequality indictors are used, namely, the: Gini coefficient, Atkinson indexand Palma ratio. The adopted ICT indicators include: mobile phone penetration, internetpenetration and fixed broadband subscriptions. The empirical evidence is based on theGeneralised Method of Moments. Enhancing internet penetration and fixed broadbandsubscriptions have a net effect on reducing the Gini coefficient and the Atkinson index, whereasincreasing mobile phone penetration and internet penetration reduces the Palma ratio. Policyimplications are discussed in the light of challenges to Sustainable Development Goals.

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  • Asongu, Simplice A & Odhiambo, Nicholas M, 2018. "How enhancing information and communication technology has affected inequality in Africa for sustainable development :An empirical investigation," Working Papers 25167, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uza:wpaper:25167
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    Keywords

    ICT; Inclusive development; Africa; Sustainable development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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