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Cross‐Border Bank M&As and Risk: Evidence from the Bond Market

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  • SUNGHO CHOI
  • BILL B. FRANCIS
  • IFTEKHAR HASAN

Abstract

The impact of cross‐border bank M&As on bank risk remains an open question. Though geographically diversifying bank M&As have the potential to reduce the risk of bank insolvency, they also have the potential to increase that risk due to the increase in risk‐taking incentives by bank managers and stockholders following these transactions. This paper empirically investigates whether cross‐border bank M&As increase or decrease the risk of acquiring banks as captured by changes in acquirers' yield spreads. This paper also investigates how differences in the institutional environments between bidder and target countries affect changes in yield spreads following M&A announcements. The study finds that bondholders, in general, perceive cross‐border bank M&As as risk‐increasing activities, unlike domestic bank mergers. Specifically, on average, yield spreads increase by 4.13 basis points following the announcement of cross‐border M&As. This study also finds that these yield spreads are significantly affected by the differences in investor‐protection and deposit insurance environments between the transacting countries. However, the study does not find that the regulatory and supervisory environment in the home countries of the transacting parties significantly affects the changes in yield spreads. The overall evidence suggests that regulators should judge the relative environment in both the home and the host countries in evaluating the associated risks of an active multinational financial institution and in setting the sufficiency of the banks' reserve positions.

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  • Sungho Choi & Bill B. Francis & Iftekhar Hasan, 2010. "Cross‐Border Bank M&As and Risk: Evidence from the Bond Market," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(4), pages 615-645, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jmoncb:v:42:y:2010:i:4:p:615-645
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1538-4616.2010.00301.x
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    2. Ismailescu, Iuliana & Col, Burcin, 2022. "Cross-border M&As and credit risk: Evidence from the CDS market," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 51-73.
    3. Luc Renneboog & Peter G. Szilagyi & Cara Vansteenkiste, 2017. "Creditor rights, claims enforcement, and bond performance in mergers and acquisitions," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 48(2), pages 174-194, February.
    4. Francis, Bill B. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Sun, Xian & Waisman, Maya, 2014. "Can firms learn by observing? Evidence from cross-border M&As," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 202-215.
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    6. Srivastav, Abhishek & Armitage, Seth & Hagendorff, Jens & King, Tim, 2018. "Better safe than sorry? CEO inside debt and risk-taking in bank acquisitions," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 208-224.
    7. Francis, Bill B. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Sun, Xian, 2014. "Does relationship matter? The choice of financial advisors," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 22-47.
    8. Maul, D. & Schiereck, D., 2017. "The bond event study methodology since 1974," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 80723, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    9. Li, Shaofang & Marinč, Matej, 2018. "Economies of scale and scope in financial market infrastructures," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 17-49.
    10. Hryckiewicz, Aneta & Kozlowski, Lukasz, 2018. "The consequences of liquidity imbalance: When net lenders leave interbank markets," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 82-97.
    11. Francis, Bill B. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Sun, Xian & Waisman, Maya, 2014. "Can firms learn by observing? Evidence from cross-border M&As," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 202-215.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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