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Childcare, Eldercare, and Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Urban China, 1982–2000

  • Margaret Maurer-Fazio
  • Rachel Connelly
  • Lan Chen
  • Lixin Tang

We employ Chinese population census data to consider married, urban women’s labor force participation decisions in the context of their families. We find that the presence in the household of a parent, parent-in-law, or person aged 75 or older increases prime-age women’s likelihood of participating in market work. The presence of preschool-aged children decreases it. The negative effect on women’s labor force participation of having young children in the household is substantially larger for married, rural-to-urban migrants than for their nonmigrant counterparts. Similarly, the positive effect of coresidence with elders is larger for rural-to-urban migrant women than for nonmigrants.

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File URL: http://jhr.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/46/2/261
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Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 46 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 261-294

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2011:ii:1:p:261-294
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  1. Meng, Xin & Kidd, Michael P., 1997. "Labor Market Reform and the Changing Structure of Wage Determination in China's State Sector during the 1980s," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 403-421, December.
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  6. Margaret Maurer-Fazio & James Hughes & Dandan Zhang, 2005. "Economic Reform and Changing Patterns of Labor Force Participation in Urban and Rural China," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp787, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
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  8. Rachel Connelly & Deborah DeGraff & Deborah Levison & Brian McCall, 2006. "Tackling The Endogeneity Of Fertility In The Study Of Women'S Employment In Developing Countries: Alternative Estimation Strategies Using Data From Urban Brazil," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 561-597.
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