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Quality of Human and Physical Capital and Technological Gaps across Italian Regions

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  • Vincenzo Scoppa

Abstract

Scoppa V. (2007) Quality of human and physical capital and technological gaps across Italian regions, Regional Studies 41, 585-599. This paper evaluates the relative contribution of factor accumulation and technology in explaining output per worker differences across Italian regions. The contributions of physical and human capital are separately estimated through the variance decomposition of output per worker. Whereas from a basic analysis of development accounting with crude data total factor productivity (TFP) emerges as a fundamental determinant, when more accurate data are used in the estimations of human and physical capital to take into account their quality, results change radically, showing a higher importance of factor accumulation with respect to previous standard estimations. Scoppa V. (2007) La qualite des capitaux humain et physique et les ecarts technologiques a travers les regions d'Italie, Regional Studies 41, 585-599. Cet article cherche a evaluer la contribution relative de l'accumulation de facteurs et de la technologie afin d'expliquer les ecarts de rendement par travailleur a travers les regions d'Italie. On estime separement la contribution des capitaux physique et humain par moyen de la variance decomposee du rendement par travailleur. Alors qu'a partir d'une analyse de base de la comptabilite de developpement, la TFP (productivite globale des facteurs) s'avere un determinant essentiel, quand on emploie des donnees plus justes pour estimer les capitaux humain et physique pour tenir compte de leur qualite, les resultats sont radicalement transformes, accordant une plus grande importance a l'accumulation de facteurs par rapport aux estimations standard anterieures. Qualite du capital humain Amenagement du territoire Productivite globale des facteurs Scoppa V. (2007) Qualitat des humanen und physischen Kapitals und technologische Lucken in verschiedenen italienischen Regionen, Regional Studies 41, 585-599. In diesem Aufsatz wird der relative Beitrag der Faktorenakkumulation und Technologie zur Erklarung der Unterschiede zwischen verschiedenen italienischen Regionen hinsichtlich der Leistung pro Arbeitnehmer untersucht. Die Beitrage des physischen und humanen Kapitals werden mit Hilfe einer Varianzdekomposition der Leistung pro Arbeitnehmer gesondert geschatzt. Bei einer Grundanalyse der Entwicklung mit Hilfe roher Daten erweist sich die Gesamtfaktorproduktivitat als fundamentaler Determinant. Werden jedoch genauere Daten zur Schatzung des humanen und physischen Kapitals herangezogen, um deren Qualitat zu berucksichtigen, andern sich die Ergebnisse radikal und weisen auf eine hohere Bedeutung der Faktorenakkumulation fur die fruheren Standardschatzungen hin. Qualitat des Humankapitals Regionalentwicklung; Gesamtfaktorproduktivitat Scoppa V. (2007) Calidad del capital humano y fisico y vacios tecnologicos en las regiones italianas, Regional Studies 41, 585-599. En este documento se evalua la contribucion relativa de la acumulacion de factores y la tecnologia para explicar las diferencias de rendimiento por trabajador entre las regiones de Italia. Se calculan por separado las contribuciones del capital humano y fisico a traves de la descomposicion de varianza del rendimiento por trabajador. Mientras que, a partir de un analisis basico de desarrollo mediante datos brutos, la productividad total de los factores surge como un determinante fundamental, cuando se utilizan datos mas exactos en las estimaciones de capital humano y fisico para tener en cuenta su calidad, los resultados cambian radicalmente y muestran una mayor importancia de la acumulacion de factores con respecto a las estimaciones estandares anteriores. Calidad del capital humano; Desarrollo regional; Productividad total de los factores

Suggested Citation

  • Vincenzo Scoppa, 2007. "Quality of Human and Physical Capital and Technological Gaps across Italian Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(5), pages 585-599.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:5:p:585-599
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400601120338
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    Cited by:

    1. Aiello, Francesco & Scoppa, Vincenzo, 2008. "Convergence and Regional Productivity Divide in Italy: Evidence from Panel Data," MPRA Paper 17343, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Giovanni Abramo & Ciriaco Andrea D’Angelo & Francesco Rosati, 2016. "The north–south divide in the Italian higher education system," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(3), pages 2093-2117, December.
    3. repec:esx:essedp:729 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Mauro Mussini & Biancamaria Zavanella, 2015. "Measuring bipolarization in labour productivity in Italy: a new index and its decomposition by sectors and regional factors," RIVISTA DI ECONOMIA E STATISTICA DEL TERRITORIO, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2015(3), pages 29-55.
    5. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2014. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 4, pages 683-779 Elsevier.
    6. Pablo-Romero, María del P. & Sánchez-Braza, Antonio, 2015. "Productive energy use and economic growth: Energy, physical and human capital relationships," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 420-429.
    7. Vincenzo Scoppa, 2013. "Technological catch-up or neoclassical convergence? Identifying the channels of convergence for Italian regions," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 169-181.
    8. Lima, Rita, 2016. "Capitale umano, innovazione tecnologica e divari economici nell’era post-knowledge? Un’analisi econometrica a livello sub nazionale
      [Human capital, technological innovation and economic gaps in the
      ," MPRA Paper 70539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Pablo-Romero, M. del P. & Gómez-Calero, M. de la P., 2013. "A translog production function for the Spanish provinces: Impact of the human and physical capital in economic growth," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 77-87.
    10. Giuseppe Albanese & Marco M. Sorge, 2010. "On the Production Function for Italy," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 118(4), pages 401-416.
    11. Simone Gitto & Paolo Mancuso, 2015. "The contribution of physical and human capital accumulation to Italian regional growth: a nonparametric perspective," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 1-12, February.
    12. Aiello, Francesco & Pupo, Valeria, 2009. "Capacità di gestione, efficienza istituzionale e impatto dei Fondi Strutturali in Italia
      [The Impact of Structural Funds in Italy]
      ," MPRA Paper 14429, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Francesco Aiello & Valeria Pupo, 2009. "L’Impatto Dei Fondi Strutturali In Italia," Working Papers 200901, Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza "Giovanni Anania" - DESF.
    14. Valeria Pupo & Francesco Aiello, 2009. "L'impatto della politica regionale dell'Unione Europea. Uno studio sulle regioni italiane," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 421-454.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Quality of human capital; Regional development; Total factor productivity (TFP);

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical

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