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Socios comerciales y crecimiento en América Latina: Un enfoque SVAR dinámico

Author

Listed:
  • Winkelried, Diego
  • Saldarriaga, Miguel

Abstract

Este trabajo evalúa cómo choques originados en grandes economías alrededor del mundo se han trasmitido a las tasas de crecimiento de países latinoamericanos. Para ello se propone, estima, evalúa y simula un modelo VAR estructural bastante parsimonioso, identificado a través de vínculos de comercio bilateral. Dado que los pesos de comercio evolucionan a lo largo de la muestra, los efectos de los choques son cambiantes con el tiempo. Por tanto, es posible cuantificar cómo el crecimiento de la región se ha visto afectado por vínculos comerciales más estrechos con economías emergentes de rápido crecimiento, y cómo ha respondido a una nueva estructura de comercio mundial, con China como protagonista. Se encuentra que cerca de la mitad del vigoroso crecimiento registrado en América Latina a finales de la década del 2000 puede ser atribuida a multiplicadores (directos y principalmente indirectos) inducidos por el espectacular crecimiento de la economía china durante el mismo periodo.

Suggested Citation

  • Winkelried, Diego & Saldarriaga, Miguel, 2013. "Socios comerciales y crecimiento en América Latina: Un enfoque SVAR dinámico," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 25, pages 81-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-25-05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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