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Assessing the importance of global shocks versus country-specific shocks


  • Souki, Kaouthar
  • Enders, Walter


A common assumption is that global shocks have little influence on current accounts, relative output levels, and real exchange rates. We use a four-variable structural VAR of the Sims-Bernanke type that allows us to obtain a global shock and three country-specific shocks. We find that global shocks explain sizable portions of real rate movements and bilateral current account balances. Our decomposition also allows us to measure the extent to which "third-country effects" are important in explaining bilateral real exchange rates and relative output levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Souki, Kaouthar & Enders, Walter, 2008. "Assessing the importance of global shocks versus country-specific shocks," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 1420-1429, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:27:y:2008:i:8:p:1420-1429

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Glick, Reuven & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Global versus country-specific productivity shocks and the current account," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 159-192, February.
    2. Hoffman, Mathias, 2001. "The Relative Dynamics of Investment and the Current Account in the G7-Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(471), pages 148-163, May.
    3. Ng, Serena, 2003. "Can sticky prices account for the variations and persistence in real exchange rates?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 65-85, February.
    4. Nason, James M & Rogers, John H, 2002. "Investment and the Current Account in the Short Run and the Long Run," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 34(4), pages 967-986, November.
    5. Kwark, Noh-Sun, 1999. "Sources of international business fluctuations: Country-specific shocks or worldwide shocks?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 367-385, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hyun, Junghwan, 2016. "Financial crises and the evolution of credit reallocation: Evidence from Korea," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 25-34.
    2. Ghassan, Hassan B. & Al-Jefri, Essam H., 2016. "الحساب الجاري للاقتصاد السعودي عبر نموذج داخلي الزمن دلائل من منهجية نموذج التقهقر الذاتي البنيوي
      [The Current Account of Saudi Economy through Intertemporal Model: Evidence from SVAR]
      ," MPRA Paper 80302, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2017.
    3. Winkelried, Diego & Saldarriaga, Miguel, 2013. "Socios comerciales y crecimiento en América Latina: Un enfoque SVAR dinámico," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 25, pages 81-102.
    4. Ghassan, Hassan B. & Al-Jefri, Essam H., 2015. "الحساب الجاري في المدى البعيد عبر نموذج داخلي الزمن
      [The Current Account in the Long Run through the Intertemporal Model]
      ," MPRA Paper 66527, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Ghassan, Hassan B. & Al-Jefri, Essam H., 2015. "نموذج نظري إسلامي داخلي الزمن للحساب الجاري
      [Islamic Theoretical Intertemporal Model of the Current Account]
      ," MPRA Paper 69963, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Jan 2016.
    6. Ghassan, Hassan B. & Drissi, Ramzi, 2015. "Long Run Current Account through theoretical Intertemporal Model," MPRA Paper 71997, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Apr 2015.


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