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What are the driving forces of international business cycles

  • Christopher Otrok

    (University of Virginia)

  • Ayhan Kose

    (IMF)

  • Mario J. Crucini

    (Vanderbilt University and NBER)

We examine the driving forces of G-7 business cycles. We decompose national business cycles into common and nation-specific components using a dynamic factor model. We also do this for driving variables found in business cycle models: productivity; measures of fiscal and monetary policy; the terms of trade and oil prices. We find a large common factor in oil prices, productivity, and the terms of trade. Productivity is the main driving force, with other drivers isolated to particular nations or sub-periods. Along these lines, we document shifts in the correlation of the G-7 component of each driver with the overall G-7 cycle.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2009 Meeting Papers with number 820.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed009:820
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  18. Backus, David K. & Crucini, Mario J., 2000. "Oil prices and the terms of trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 185-213, February.
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  22. Chib, Siddhartha & Greenberg, Edward, 1994. "Bayes inference in regression models with ARMA (p, q) errors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1-2), pages 183-206.
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