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Adult skills and labor market conditions during teenage years: cross-country evidence from international surveys
[Is post-secondary education a safe port and for whom? Evidence from Canadian data]

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  • By Marianne Haraldsvik
  • Bjarne Strøm

Abstract

Do individuals finishing compulsory school in economic downturns end up with higher skills in adulthood than comparable individuals that finish compulsory school in economic upturns? This article answers this question by exploring data on country unemployment rates combined with individual data on educational attainment and adult skills in numeracy and literacy from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies. We find that completed education is countercyclical, and the same pattern is found for adult skills in numeracy and literacy. The results are fairly robust across different model specifications including fixed country and cohort effects and country-specific cohort trends. The results indicate that the labor market conditions at the time when young people make crucial educational decisions have long-lasting effect on skills and potential earnings in adulthood.

Suggested Citation

  • By Marianne Haraldsvik & Bjarne Strøm, 2022. "Adult skills and labor market conditions during teenage years: cross-country evidence from international surveys [Is post-secondary education a safe port and for whom? Evidence from Canadian data]," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 74(3), pages 894-919.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:74:y:2022:i:3:p:894-919.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/oep/gpab057
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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