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Remittances, Migration and Gross Domestic Product from Romania’s Perspective

Author

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  • Anca Mehedintu

    (Department of Statistics and Economic Informatics, University of Craiova, A.I. Cuza 13, 200585 Craiova, Romania)

  • Georgeta Soava

    (Department of Statistics and Economic Informatics, University of Craiova, A.I. Cuza 13, 200585 Craiova, Romania)

  • Mihaela Sterpu

    (Department of Mathematics, University of Craiova, A.I. Cuza 13, 200585 Craiova, Romania)

Abstract

This study analyzes the evolution and trends of the share of remittances in gross domestic product (GDP) and the influence of migration on remittances in Romania. The analysis on data from Eurostat over 2008–2017 has three components: a statistical analysis, an estimation of evolution of indicators, and an estimation of impact of migration on remittances, using polynomial-time regression and difference equation models, respectively. The results showed that GDP and GDP/capita had a permanent increase, meaning an improvement in the standard of living in Romania, while the other indicators had an evolution with a period of sharp decline triggered by the global crisis, followed by a slow growth. We may conclude that the remittances represented and still represent a relatively stable financial resource for Romania as for the other emerging countries in Europe, affecting in a positive way the standard of living of the citizens, although their value has a tendency to decrease. At the same time, the negative effects of remittances, dependence on money received from migrants and the exodus of “brains” and skilled workers, must be considered, implying the necessity of government policies for a better use of remittances, i.e., mainly for investments and less for consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Anca Mehedintu & Georgeta Soava & Mihaela Sterpu, 2019. "Remittances, Migration and Gross Domestic Product from Romania’s Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-19, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2019:i:1:p:212-:d:302105
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