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Do Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Quality-related Standards Affect International Trade? Evidence from Chilean Fruit Exports

  • Melo, Oscar
  • Engler, Alejandra
  • Nahuehual, Laura
  • Cofre, Gabriela
  • Barrena, José

Increasing awareness of food safety issues has led to intensive use of sanitary, phytosanitary and quality-related regulations and standards, imposing a burden on exporting countries worldwide. This study assesses the impact of such regulations and standards estimating a gravity model for Chilean fresh fruit exports that incorporates a stringency-perception index that comprises different dimensions of trade requirements. Our results suggest that an increase in stringency has a negative and substantial effect on exported volumes, and the reduction is higher if stringency increases in developed countries. Results also showed that different dimensions have different effects on trade.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 54 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 350-359

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:54:y:2014:i:c:p:350-359
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