The Impact of Food Safety Third-Party Certifications on China’s Food Exports to the United States
In this paper, we empirically examine the relationship between food safety TPC on a country’s food exports to the United States using data for 2010. We developed a modified gravity model to account for the role TPC plays in facilitating international food trade. we found that a 10% increase in the number of sites/facilities certified to ISO 22000, GLOBALGAP, and BRC is associated with an increase of a country’s food exports to the United States in the ranges of 0 to 6.7%, 1.6 to 2.2%, and 2 to 3.3%, respectively. For the case of China, we found that each additional ISO, GLOBALGAP, and BRC certification in China can increase China’s exports to the United States up to $472,562, $2,907,451, and $1,927,383, respectively.
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