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Comparison of television and gate demand in the National Basketball Association

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  • Mongeon, Kevin
  • Winfree, Jason

Abstract

This study analyzes the differences between the determinants of economic demand for television audiences and gate attendance. Due to data availability problems, there are few studies focused on television demand for North American sports leagues, and most of those studies do not compare the differences between television and live game audiences. The primary determinants of demand that are compared are income, team quality, and both direct and indirect substitutes. Using data from the National Basketball Association (NBA), we find that fans who attend games live are inherently different from fans who watch games on television. Although insignificant to gate attendance, income is an inferior good to television audiences. Fans who watch the games on television are 4.5 times more sensitive to winning. The demand for television audiences is decreased more by direct substitutes compared to gate demand. However, demand for gate attendance is decreased more by indirect substitutes compared to television demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Mongeon, Kevin & Winfree, Jason, 2012. "Comparison of television and gate demand in the National Basketball Association," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 72-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:15:y:2012:i:1:p:72-79
    DOI: 10.1016/j.smr.2011.09.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Tainsky, Scott & Kerwin, Shannon & Xu, Jie & Zhou, Yilun, 2014. "Will the real fans please remain seated? Gender and television ratings for pre-game and game broadcasts," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 190-204.
    2. Kevin Mongeon & Jason Winfree, 2013. "The Effects of Cross-Ownership and League Policies Across Sports Leagues Within a City," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 43(3), pages 145-162, November.
    3. Caruso, Raul & Addesa, Francesco & Di Domizio, Marco, 2016. "The Determinants Of The TV Demand Of Soccer: Empirical Evidence On Italian Serie A For The Period 2008-2015," MPRA Paper 70189, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Grimshaw Scott D. & Sabin R. Paul & Willes Keith M., 2013. "Analysis of the NCAA Men’s Final Four TV audience," Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, De Gruyter, vol. 9(2), pages 115-126, June.

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