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EU-27 bank failure prediction with C5.0 decision trees and deep learning neural networks

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  • Kristóf, Tamás
  • Virág, Miklós

Abstract

This article provides evidence that machine learning methods are suitable for reliably predicting the failure risk of European Union-27 banks from the experiences of the past decade. It demonstrates that earnings, capital adequacy, and management capability are the strongest predictors of bank failure. Critical and relevant field research is presented in the context of economic uncertainties arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. The results suggest that the developed models possess high predictive power, with the C5.0 decision tree model providing the best performance. The findings have policy implications for bank supervisory authorities, bank executives, risk management professionals, and policymakers working in finance. The models can be used to recognize bank weaknesses in time to take appropriate mitigating actions.

Suggested Citation

  • Kristóf, Tamás & Virág, Miklós, 2022. "EU-27 bank failure prediction with C5.0 decision trees and deep learning neural networks," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:riibaf:v:61:y:2022:i:c:s0275531922000320
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ribaf.2022.101644
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank failure; Classification; Credit risk modeling; Machine learning;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • C45 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Neural Networks and Related Topics
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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