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This Time Is the Same: Using Bank Performance in 1998 to Explain Bank Performance During the Recent Financial Crisis

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Listed:
  • Rüdiger FAHLENBRACH

    (EPFL and Swiss Finance Institute)

  • Robert PRILMEIER

    (The Ohio State University)

  • René M. STULZ

    (The Ohio State University, NBER and ECGI)

Abstract

We investigate whether a bank’s performance during the 1998 crisis, which was viewed at the time as the most dramatic crisis since the Great Depression, predicts its performance during the recent financial crisis. One hypothesis is that a bank that has an especially poor experience in a crisis learns and adapts, so that it performs better in the next crisis. Another hypothesis is that a bank’s poor experience in a crisis is tied to aspects of its business model that are persistent, so that its past performance during one crisis forecasts poor performance during another crisis. We show that banks that performed worse during the 1998 crisis did so as well during the recent financial crisis. This effect is economically important. In particular, it is economically as important as the leverage of banks before the start of the crisis. The result cannot be attributed to banks having the same chief executive in both crises. Banks that relied more on short-term funding, had more leverage, and grew more are more likely to be banks that performed poorly in both crises.

Suggested Citation

  • Rüdiger FAHLENBRACH & Robert PRILMEIER & René M. STULZ, 2011. "This Time Is the Same: Using Bank Performance in 1998 to Explain Bank Performance During the Recent Financial Crisis," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 11-19, Swiss Finance Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:chf:rpseri:rp1119
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial crisis; systemic risk; bank returns; short-term funding; LTCM; Russian default;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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