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Skilled migration and innovation in European industries

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  • Fassio, Claudio
  • Montobbio, Fabio
  • Venturini, Alessandra

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of skilled migration on innovation –proxied by patent citations- in European industries between 1994 and 2005, using the French and the UK Labour Force Surveys and the German Microcensus. Highly-educated migrants have a positive effect on innovation, but the effect differs across industries. It is stronger in industries with low levels of overeducation, high levels of FDIs and openness to trade and, finally, in industries with higher ethnic diversity. The aggregate effect of the skilled immigrant is about one third the one of the skilled natives. We tackle the endogeneity of migrants with a set of external and internal instruments.

Suggested Citation

  • Fassio, Claudio & Montobbio, Fabio & Venturini, Alessandra, 2019. "Skilled migration and innovation in European industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 706-718.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:48:y:2019:i:3:p:706-718
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2018.11.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Hao Wei & Ran Yuan & Laixun Zhao, 2019. "International Talent Inflow and R&D Investment: Firm-level Evidence from China," Discussion Paper Series DP2019-17, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    2. Tziogkidis, Panagiotis & Philippas, Dionisis & Leontitsis, Alexandros & Sickles, Robin C., 2020. "A data envelopment analysis and local partial least squares approach for identifying the optimal innovation policy direction," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 285(3), pages 1011-1024.
    3. He, Feng & Ma, Yaming & Zhang, Xiaojie, 2020. "How does economic policy uncertainty affect corporate Innovation?–Evidence from China listed companies," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 225-239.
    4. Caviggioli, Federico & Jensen, Paul & Scellato, Giuseppe, 2020. "Highly skilled migrants and technological diversification in the US and Europe," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 154(C).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Innovation; Migration; Skills; Patents; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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