International knowledge diffusion and home-bias effect. Do USPTO and EPO patent citations tell the same story?
This paper estimates the international diffusion and obsolescence of technological knowledge by technological field and country using patent citations from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and from the European Patent Office (EPO). We control for self-citations and for procedural and legal differences between patent offices in the citation procedures using equivalent patents. We show that (1) both at the EPO and USPTO domestic citations come sooner and there is a strong localization effect of patent citations at national level; (2) the US technological system is becoming less central in the international web of knowledge flows; (3) some differences across patent offices emerge in the ranking by technological fields in the speed of diffusion and decay of technological knowledge. We support the conjecture that not only technological opportunities but also absorptive capacity plays a role. Finally on the methodological side we show that at the USPTO the median citation lag is twice as large relatively to the citations at the EPO, that some bias is induced by the different institutional practices at the EPO and USPTO and that using patent families generates a selection bias towards high quality patents.
|Date of creation:||Feb 2009|
|Date of revision:||Feb 2009|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: via Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano - Italy|
Web page: http://www.kites.unibocconi.it/
|Order Information:|| Postal: E G E A - via R. Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano -Italy|
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Luis A. Rivera-Batiz & Paul M. Romer, 1990.
"Economic Integration and Endogenous Growth,"
NBER Working Papers
3528, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:kites15_wp. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Valerio Sterzi)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.