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Understanding household energy use, decision making and behaviour in Guinea-Conakry by applying behavioural economics

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  • Camara, N'Famory
  • Xu, Deyi
  • Binyet, Emmanuel

Abstract

For decades, generalized frauds have left the electrical sector of Guinea with an entirely defective financial scheme. As a developing nation, Guinea’s electricity consumption has been relatively low for a long time, although it has been increasing recently due to increasing power generation. The growth in power capacity is due to the construction of two new dams: Kaleta dam (240MW), which is already operational, and Souapiti dam (550MW), which is still under construction. Taking into account that the country has so far been without electricity, there is a need to assess and predict consumer behaviour before the full completion of these projects. The aim of this study is to make the household and community reactions to public policy interventions less surprising. However, even sufficient knowledge of how to conserve energy and a stated desire to do so, many consumers still fail to take perceptible measures to increase energy efficiency and conservation. Why is this so? By focusing on crucial insights from behavioural economics and psychology, we highlight the incentive factors, the basic cognitive biases and the psychological phenomena that cause this disconnect. Understanding these factors can help us to design sustainable energy use among consumers in Guinea-Conakry.

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  • Camara, N'Famory & Xu, Deyi & Binyet, Emmanuel, 2017. "Understanding household energy use, decision making and behaviour in Guinea-Conakry by applying behavioural economics," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 1380-1391.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:1380-1391
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.128
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    2. Good, Nicholas, 2019. "Using behavioural economic theory in modelling of demand response," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(C), pages 107-116.
    3. Hongyun Han & Shu Wu, 2019. "Determinants of the Behavioral Lock-in of Rural Residents’ Direct Biomass Energy Consumption in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(2), pages 1-25, January.
    4. Adél Strydom & Josephine Kaviti Musango & Paul K. Currie, 2019. "Conceptualizing Household Energy Metabolism: A Methodological Contribution," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(21), pages 1-19, October.

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