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Tortuous road toward countercyclical fiscal policy: Lessons from democratized sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Diallo, Oumar

Abstract

Many African countries experienced significant political transformations in the early 1990s, moving from one-party systems to multipartite regimes. In line with the literature that links policy choices to political regimes, the paper explores the implications of such changes on the cyclical properties of fiscal policy. The paper uncovers a positive association between democratic institutions and countercyclical fiscal policies in a panel of African countries. More importantly, formal institutions that impose restraints on the executive branch are found to be the key factor that explains why democracies can better smooth business cycles than autocracies.

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  • Diallo, Oumar, 2009. "Tortuous road toward countercyclical fiscal policy: Lessons from democratized sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 36-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:31:y:2009:i:1:p:36-50
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sean J. Gossel & Nicholas Biekpe, 2013. "The Cyclical Relationships Between South Africa's Net Capital Inflows and Fiscal and Monetary Policies," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(2), pages 64-83, March.
    2. Marius Ikpe & Alwell Nteegah, 2013. "Value Added Tax and price stability in Nigeria: A partial equilibrium analysis," European Journal of Government and Economics, Europa Grande, vol. 2(2), pages 137-147, December.
    3. BIKAI, J. Landry, 2015. "Fiscal Rules and Pro-cyclicality of the Fiscal Policy in CEMAC countries," MPRA Paper 78229, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Irene Yackovlev & Victor Duarte Lledo & Lucie Gadenne, 2009. "Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa; Facts and Factors," IMF Working Papers 09/274, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Christian Ebeke & Helene Ehrhart, 2012. "Tax Revenue Instability in Sub-Saharan Africa: Consequences and Remedies," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 21(1), pages 1-27, January.
    6. Yuan-Hong Ho & Chiung-Ju Huang, 2013. "Presidential Election, Checks and Balances, and Allocation of Public Expenditures in Taiwan," Journal of Economics and Management, College of Business, Feng Chia University, Taiwan, vol. 9(1), pages 31-53, January.
    7. Sampawende J Tapsoba & Robert C York & Neree C.G.M. Noumon, 2016. "Can Statistical Capacity Building Help Reduce Procyclical Fiscal Policy in Developing Countries?," IMF Working Papers 16/209, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Ahmad, A.H. & Pentecost, Eric J., 2012. "Identifying aggregate supply and demand shocks in small open economies: Empirical evidence from African countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 272-291.
    9. Carmignani, Fabrizio, 2010. "Cyclical fiscal policy in Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 254-267, March.
    10. Sophia Gollwitzer & Eteri Kvintradze & Tej Prakash & Luis-Felipe Zanna & Era Dabla-Norris & Richard I Allen & Irene Yackovlev & Victor Duarte Lledo, 2010. "Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries," IMF Working Papers 10/80, International Monetary Fund.
    11. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00229 is not listed on IDEAS

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