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Financial dollarization and systemic risks: New empirical evidence

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  • Vieira, Fabrício A.C.
  • Holland, Márcio
  • Resende, Marco F.

Abstract

This paper explores the persistence of financial dollarization in a group of 79 economies with different levels of development. Our main hypothesis is that a high level of domestic debt combined with default risk explains this persistence, even after a decline in inflation rates. Using the generalized method of moments (GMM) in a panel data analysis, our results show that inflation risks caused by increasing probability of default account for financial dollarization more than inflation rate itself. After the decrease in inflation rates, the foreign currency-denominated deposits remain large because of the high debt-to-GDP ratios, particularly in speculative-grade economies. High public indebtedness leads to expectations of default. Dollarization is a rational response to the future inflation associated with investors' expectations of default observed in highly indebted economies.

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  • Vieira, Fabrício A.C. & Holland, Márcio & Resende, Marco F., 2012. "Financial dollarization and systemic risks: New empirical evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1695-1714.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:31:y:2012:i:6:p:1695-1714
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2012.03.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Asongu, Simplice & Raheem, Ibrahim & Tchamyou, Venessa, 2016. "Information Asymmetry and Financial Dollarization in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 77310, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kyriakos C. Neanidis & Christos S. Savva, 2015. "Is Loan Dollarization Contagious across Countries? Evidence from Transition Economies," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 200, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    3. Neanidis, Kyriakos C. & Savva, Christos S., 2013. "Institutions and financial dollarization: Indirect effects based on a policy experiment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(3), pages 405-410.
    4. Márcio Holland, 2014. "Managing Capital Inflows in Brazil," MIT Press Book Chapters,in: What Have We Learned? Macroeconomic Policy After the Crisis, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 24, pages 289-306 The MIT Press.
    5. Salvatore Capasso & Kyriakos C. Neanidis, 2016. "Domestic or Foreign Currency? Remittances and the Composition of Deposits and Loans," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 220, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    6. Raheem, Ibrahim D. & Asongu, Simplice A., 2016. "Extending the Determinants of Dollarization in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Easy Access to Foreign Exchange Earnings," MPRA Paper 75415, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Kishor, Narayan K. & Neanidis, Kyriakos C., 2015. "What Is Driving Financial Dollarization In Transition Economies? A Dynamic Factor Analysis," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(04), pages 816-835, June.
    8. Kyriakos C. Neanidis & Christos S. Savva, 2018. "Regional Spillovers in Financial Dollarization," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 238, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    9. Caglayan, Mustafa & Talavera, Oleksandr, 2016. "Dollarization, liquidity and performance: Evidence from Turkish banking," MPRA Paper 72812, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Marcelin, Isaac & Mathur, Ike, 2016. "Financial sector development and dollarization in emerging economies," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 20-32.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial dollarization; Risk of inflation; Risk of default;

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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