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Currency substitution, portfolio diversification, and money demand

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  • Miguel Lebre De Freitas
  • Francisco José Veiga

Abstract

We extend the Thomas (1985) dynamic optimizing model of money demand and currency substitution to the case in which the individual has restricted or no access to foreign currency denominated bonds. In this case currency substitution decisions and asset substitution decisions are not separable. The results obtained suggest that the significance of an expected exchange rate depreciation term in the demand for domestic money provides a valid test for the presence of currency substitution. Applying this approach to six Latin‐American countries, we find evidence of currency substitution in Colombia, Dominican Republic, and Venezuela, but not in Brazil and Chile. Les auteurs prolongent le modèle d'optimisation dynamique de demande de monnaie et de substitution de devises de Thomas (1985) au cas où l'individu a un accès restreint ou nul aux débentures en devises étrangères. Dans ce cas, les décisions de substitution de devises et de substitution d'actifs ne sont pas séparables. Les résultats obtenus suggèrent que la nature significative d'une variable enregistrant une dépréciation anticipée du taux de change dans l'équation de la demande de monnaie nationale fournit un test valide de la présence de substitution de devises. En appliquant cette approche à six pays d'Amérique latine, on découvre qu'il y a évidence de substitution de devises en Colombie, en République dominicaine, et au Vénézuéla, mais pas au Brésil et au Chili.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Lebre De Freitas & Francisco José Veiga, 2006. "Currency substitution, portfolio diversification, and money demand," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 39(3), pages 719-743, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:canjec:v:39:y:2006:i:3:p:719-743
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5982.2006.00366.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Miguel Lebre de Freitas, 2006. "Currency Substitution and Money Demand in Euroland," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 34(3), pages 275-287, September.
    2. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:30:y:2010:i:1:p:624-635 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Mr. Edward F Buffie & Luis-Felipe Zanna & Mr. Marco Airaudo, 2016. "Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Management In Less Developed Countries," IMF Working Papers 2016/055, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Ingrid Groessl & Ulrich Fritsche, 2006. "The Store-of-Value-Function of Money as a Component of Household Risk Management," Macroeconomics and Finance Series 200606, University of Hamburg, Department of Socioeconomics.
    5. Ivan Milenković & Milivoje Davidović, 2013. "Determinants of Currency Substitution/Dollarization – The Case of the Republic of Serbia," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 2(1), pages 139-155.
    6. K. Azim Özdemir & Mesut Saygili, 2013. "Economic uncertainty and money demand stability in Turkey," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 40(3), pages 314-333, July.
    7. Caroline Duburcq, 2010. "The Impact of Exchange Rate Regime on Interest Rates in Latin America," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 47(135), pages 91-124.
    8. repec:cbk:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:3:p:139-155 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Buffie, Edward F. & Airaudo, M. & Zanna, Felipe, 2018. "Inflation targeting and exchange rate management in less developed countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 159-184.
    10. Caroline Duburcq & Eric Girardin, 2010. "Domestic and external factors in interest rate determination: the minor role of the exchange rate regime," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(1), pages 624-635.
    11. Miguel Lebre de Freitas, 2014. "On inflation and money demand in a portfolio model with shopping costs," NIPE Working Papers 13/2014, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions

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