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Interest rate risk and monetary policy normalisation in the euro area

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  • Molyneux, Philip
  • Pancotto, Livia
  • Reghezza, Alessio
  • Rodriguez d'Acri, Costanza

Abstract

A low interest rate environment is susceptible to sudden increases in policy rates and heightened interest rate risk (IRR). By using a sample of 81 euro area banks during the period 2014Q4-2018Q1 and a confidential supervisory measure of IRR, this paper identifies which bank-specific characteristics can amplify or weaken the impact of a 200 basis points positive shock in interest rates. We find that banks reliant on core deposits, that hold more floating-interest rate loans and that diversify their lending, either by sector or geography, are less exposed to a positive change in interest rates. Interestingly, we discover that banks that did not exploit the exceptional financing provided by the European Central Bank (ECB) reveal greater IRR exposure. These findings advance the debate on the impact of a possible return to a normalised monetary policy on the euro area banking sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Molyneux, Philip & Pancotto, Livia & Reghezza, Alessio & Rodriguez d'Acri, Costanza, 2022. "Interest rate risk and monetary policy normalisation in the euro area," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 124(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:124:y:2022:i:c:s0261560622000274
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2022.102624
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interest Rate Risk; Low Interest Rate Environment; Balance-sheet Determinants; Unconventional Monetary Policies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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