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Bank margins and profits in a world of negative rates

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  • Molyneux, Philip
  • Reghezza, Alessio
  • Xie, Ru

Abstract

By investigating the influence of negative interest rate policy (NIRP) on bank margins and profitability, this paper identifies country- and bank- specific characteristics that amplify or weaken the effect of NIRP on bank performance. Using a dataset comprising 7,359 banks from 33 OECD member countries over 2012–16 and a difference-in-differences methodology, we find that bank margins and profits fell in NIRP-adopter countries compared to countries that did not adopt the policy. Moreover, this adverse NIRP effect depends on bank specific-characteristics such as size, funding structure, business models, assets repricing and product – line specialization. The effectiveness of the pass-through mechanism of NIRP can also be affected by the characteristics of a country's banking system, namely, the level of competition and the prevalence of fixed/floating lending rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Molyneux, Philip & Reghezza, Alessio & Xie, Ru, 2019. "Bank margins and profits in a world of negative rates," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:107:y:2019:i:c:2
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2019.105613
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    3. Reghezza, Alessio & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza & Pancotto, Livia & Molyneux, Philip, 2020. "Interest rate risk and monetary policy normalisation in the euro area," Working Paper Series 2496, European Central Bank.
    4. Simona Malovana & Josef Bajzik & Dominika Ehrenbergerova & Jan Janku, 2020. "A Prolonged Period of Low Interest Rates: Unintended Consequences," Research and Policy Notes 2020/02, Czech National Bank.
    5. Boungou, Whelsy, 2021. "Empirical evidence of the lending channel of monetary policy under negative interest rates," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 309-318.
    6. Demiralp, Selva & Eisenschmidt, Jens & Vlassopoulos, Thomas, 2021. "Negative interest rates, excess liquidity and retail deposits: Banks’ reaction to unconventional monetary policy in the euro area," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 136(C).
    7. Boungou, Whelsy, 2020. "Negative interest rates policy and banks’ risk-taking: Empirical evidence," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 186(C).
    8. Matthys, Thomas & Meuleman, Elien & Vander Vennet, Rudi, 2020. "Unconventional monetary policy and bank risk taking," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).
    9. Bongiovanni, Alessio & Reghezza, Alessio & Santamaria, Riccardo & Williams, Jonathan, 2021. "Do negative interest rates affect bank risk-taking?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 350-364.
    10. Heider, Florian & Saidi, Farzad & Schepens, Glenn, 2021. "Banks and negative interest rates," Working Paper Series 2549, European Central Bank.
    11. Isabel Argimon & Jayson M. Danton & Jakob de Haan & Javier Rodriguez-Martin & Maria Rodriguez-Moreno, 2021. "Low Interest Rates and Banks' Interest Margins: Does Belonging to a Banking Group Matter?," CESifo Working Paper Series 9340, CESifo.
    12. Liñares-Zegarra, José M. & Willesson, Magnus, 2021. "The effects of negative interest rates on cash usage: Evidence for EU countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 198(C).
    13. Heider, Florian & Leonello, Agnese, 2021. "Monetary Policy in a Low Interest Rate Environment: Reversal Rate and Risk-Taking," Working Paper Series 2593, European Central Bank.
    14. Fuster, Andreas & Schelling, Tan & Towbin, Pascal, 2021. "Tiers of Joy? Reserve Tiering and Bank Behavior in a Negative-Rate Environment," CEPR Discussion Papers 16191, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. Marc Blatter & Andreas Fuster, 2021. "Scale effects on efficiency and profitability in the Swiss banking sector," Working Papers 2021-15, Swiss National Bank.
    16. Vincenzo D'Apice & Franco Fiordelisi & Giovanni W. Puopolo, 2020. "Judicial Efficiency and Lending Quality," CSEF Working Papers 588, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Negative interest rates; Bank profitability; NIMs; Difference-in-differences estimation; Propensity score matching;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems

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