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The great lockdown: pandemic response policies and bank lending conditions

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  • Altavilla, Carlo
  • Barbiero, Francesca
  • Boucinha, Miguel
  • Burlon, Lorenzo

Abstract

This study analyses the policy measures taken in the euro area in response to the outbreak and the escalating diffusion of new coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. We focus on monetary, microprudential and macroprudential policies designed specifically to support bank lending conditions. For identification, we use proprietary data on participation in central bank liquidity operations, high-frequency reactions to monetary policy announcements, and confidential supervisory information on bank capital requirements. The results show that in the absence of the funding cost relief and capital relief associated with the pandemic response measures, banks’ ability to supply credit would have been severely affected. The results also indicate that the coordinated intervention by monetary and prudential authorities amplified the effects of the individual measures in supporting liquidity conditions and helping to sustain the flow of credit to the private sector. Finally, we investigate the potential real effects of the joint pandemic response measures by estimating the adjustment in labour input variables for firms that in the past have been more exposed to similar policies. We find that, in absence of monetary and prudential policies, the pandemic would lead to a significantly larger decline in firms’ employment. JEL Classification: E51, E52, E58, G01, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

  • Altavilla, Carlo & Barbiero, Francesca & Boucinha, Miguel & Burlon, Lorenzo, 2020. "The great lockdown: pandemic response policies and bank lending conditions," Working Paper Series 2465, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20202465
    Note: 2279334
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    Cited by:

    1. Budnik, Katarzyna & Dimitrov, Ivan & Groß, Johannes & Jančoková, Martina & Lampe, Max & Sorvillo, Bianca & Stular, Anze & Volk, Matjaz, 2021. "Policies in support of lending following the coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic," Occasional Paper Series 257, European Central Bank.
    2. Andrej Cupák & Ján Klacso & Martin Suster, 2020. "Surveying the Impact of the Covid-19 Recession on the Financial Situation of Indebted Households," Working and Discussion Papers WP 6/2020, Research Department, National Bank of Slovakia.
    3. Markus Eller & Reiner Martin & Lukas Vashold, 2021. "CESEE’s macroprudential policy response in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q1/21, pages 55-69.
    4. Alice Abboud & Elizabeth Duncan & Akos Horvath & Diana A. Iercosan & Bert Loudis & Francis Martinez & Timothy Mooney & Ben Ranish & Ke Wang & Missaka Warusawitharana & Carlo Wix, 2021. "COVID-19 as a Stress Test: Assessing the Bank Regulatory Framework," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2021-024, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Zaghini, Andrea, 2021. "The Covid pandemic in the market: Infected, immune and cured bonds," CFS Working Paper Series 653, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    6. Claudia Kwapil & Kilian Rieder, 2021. "The effects of the monetary policy response to the COVID-19 pandemic: preliminary evidence from a pilot study using Austrian bank-level data," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q4/20-Q1/, pages 131-152.
    7. Piotr Lasak, 2021. "The Commercial Banking Sector in Eurozone after the Pandemic: The Paths to Recovery," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(Special 1), pages 1233-1246.
    8. Zaghini, Andrea, 2021. "The Covid pandemic in the market: infected, immune and cured bonds," Working Paper Series 2563, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank lending; COVID-19 crisis; monetary policy; prudential policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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