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Modeling the volatility of real GDP growth: The case of Japan revisited

  • Fang, WenShwo
  • Miller, Stephen M.

Previous studies [e.g., Hamori, S., 2000. Volatility of real GDP: some evidence from the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan. Japan and the World Economy 12, 143-152; Ho, K.Y., Tsui, A.K.C., 2003. Asymmetric volatility of real GDP: some evidence from Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Japan and the World Economy 15, 437-445; Fountas, S., Karanasos, M., Mendoza, A., 2004. Output variability and economic growth: the Japanese case. Bulletin of Economic Research 56, 353-363] find high volatility persistence of economic growth rates using generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) specifications. This paper reexamines the Japanese case, using the same approach and showing that this finding of high volatility persistence reflects the Great Moderation, which features a sharp decline in the variance as well as two falls in the mean of the growth rates identified by Bai and Perron's [Bai, J., Perron, P., 1998. Estimating and testing linear models with multiple structural changes. Econometrica 66, 47-78; Bai, J., Perron, P., 2003. Computation and analysis of multiple structural change models. Journal of Applied Econometrics 18, 1-22] multiple structural change test. Our empirical results provide new evidence. First, excess kurtosis drops substantially or disappears in the GARCH or exponential GARCH model that corrects for an additive outlier. Second, using the outlier-corrected data, the integrated GARCH effect or high volatility persistence remains in the specification once we introduce intercept-shift dummies into the mean equation. Third, the time-varying variance falls sharply, only when we incorporate the break in the variance equation. Fourth, the ARCH in mean model finds no effects of our more correct measure of output volatility on output growth or of output growth on its volatility.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Japan and the World Economy.

Volume (Year): 21 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 312-324

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Handle: RePEc:eee:japwor:v:21:y:2009:i:3:p:312-324
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