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The modeling and forecasting of extreme events in electricity spot markets

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  • Herrera, Rodrigo
  • González, Nicolás

Abstract

Primary concerns for traders since the deregulation of electricity markets include both the selection of optimal trading limits and risk quantification. These concerns have come about as a consequence of the unique stylized attributes of electricity spot prices, such as the clustering of extremes, heavy tails and common spikes. We propose self-exciting marked point process models, which can be defined in terms of either durations or intensities, and which can capture these stylized facts. This approach consists of modeling the times between extreme events and the sizes of exceedances which surpass a high threshold. Empirical results for four major electricity spot markets in Australia show evidence of dependence between the occurrence times of extreme returns. This finding is directly related to the future behavior of the stochastic intensity process for price spikes. In addition, the proposed approach also provides more accurate one-day-ahead value at risk (VaR) forecasting in electricity markets than standard stochastic volatility models.

Suggested Citation

  • Herrera, Rodrigo & González, Nicolás, 2014. "The modeling and forecasting of extreme events in electricity spot markets," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 477-490.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:30:y:2014:i:3:p:477-490
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijforecast.2013.12.011
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    2. Herrera, R. & Clements, A.E., 2018. "Point process models for extreme returns: Harnessing implied volatility," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 161-175.
    3. Petropoulos, Fotios & Apiletti, Daniele & Assimakopoulos, Vassilios & Babai, Mohamed Zied & Barrow, Devon K. & Ben Taieb, Souhaib & Bergmeir, Christoph & Bessa, Ricardo J. & Bijak, Jakub & Boylan, Joh, 2022. "Forecasting: theory and practice," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 705-871.
      • Fotios Petropoulos & Daniele Apiletti & Vassilios Assimakopoulos & Mohamed Zied Babai & Devon K. Barrow & Souhaib Ben Taieb & Christoph Bergmeir & Ricardo J. Bessa & Jakub Bijak & John E. Boylan & Jet, 2020. "Forecasting: theory and practice," Papers 2012.03854, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2022.
    4. Giorgia Callegaro & Andrea Mazzoran & Carlo Sgarra, 2019. "A Self-Exciting Modelling Framework for Forward Prices in Power Markets," Papers 1910.13286, arXiv.org.
    5. Lin Han & Ivor Cribben & Stefan Trueck, 2022. "Extremal Dependence in Australian Electricity Markets," Papers 2202.09970, arXiv.org.
    6. Clements, A.E. & Herrera, R. & Hurn, A.S., 2015. "Modelling interregional links in electricity price spikes," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 383-393.
    7. Herrera, Rodrigo & Rodriguez, Alejandro & Pino, Gabriel, 2017. "Modeling and forecasting extreme commodity prices: A Markov-Switching based extreme value model," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 129-143.
    8. Rodrigo Herrera & Adam Clements, 2020. "A marked point process model for intraday financial returns: modeling extreme risk," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 58(4), pages 1575-1601, April.
    9. Auerbach, Jonathan & Wan, Phyllis, 2020. "Forecasting the urban skyline with extreme value theory," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 814-828.
    10. Thomas Deschatre & Olivier F'eron & Pierre Gruet, 2021. "A survey of electricity spot and futures price models for risk management applications," Papers 2103.16918, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2021.
    11. Jiao, Ying & Ma, Chunhua & Scotti, Simone & Sgarra, Carlo, 2019. "A branching process approach to power markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 144-156.
    12. Bigerna, Simona & Bollino, Carlo Andrea & Ciferri, Davide & Polinori, Paolo, 2017. "Renewables diffusion and contagion effect in Italian regional electricity markets: Assessment and policy implications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 68(P1), pages 199-211.
    13. Stephen Chan & Saralees Nadarajah, 2015. "Extreme value analysis of electricity demand in the UK," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(15), pages 1246-1251, October.

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