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Value-at-Risk Prediction: A Comparison of Alternative Strategies

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  • Keith Kuester
  • Stefan Mittnik
  • Marc S. Paolella

Abstract

Given the growing need for managing financial risk, risk prediction plays an increasing role in banking and finance. In this study we compare the out-of-sample performance of existing methods and some new models for predicting value-at-risk (VaR) in a univariate context. Using more than 30 years of the daily return data on the NASDAQ Composite Index, we find that most approaches perform inadequately, although several models are acceptable under current regulatory assessment rules for model adequacy. A hybrid method, combining a heavy-tailed generalized autoregressive conditionally heteroskedastic (GARCH) filter with an extreme value theory-based approach, performs best overall, closely followed by a variant on a filtered historical simulation, and a new model based on heteroskedastic mixture distributions. Conditional autoregressive VaR (CAViaR) models perform inadequately, though an extension to a particular CAViaR model is shown to outperform the others. Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Keith Kuester & Stefan Mittnik & Marc S. Paolella, 2006. "Value-at-Risk Prediction: A Comparison of Alternative Strategies," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 4(1), pages 53-89.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jfinec:v:4:y:2006:i:1:p:53-89
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jjfinec/nbj002
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