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Do innovative emerging market cross-border acquirers create more shareholder value? Evidence from India

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  • De Beule, Filip
  • Sels, Annabel

Abstract

This study attempts to investigate the role of absorptive capacity of emerging market firms in creating shareholder value from developed market acquisitions. It analyzes the cumulative abnormal return of cross border acquisitions of listed Indian firms in Europe focusing on acquirers’ research intensity. The study discovers a U-shaped relationship between research intensity of Indian acquirers and their cumulative abnormal return following acquisitions in Europe. As such, firms with no research capacity can benefit from the acquisition by accessing advanced targets, although firms with extensive research capacity outperform any of their Indian competitors as these firms have the absorptive capacity to not only exploit but also explore the knowledge base of the acquired target. Furthermore, we found a positive effect of the acquisition of a high-tech target company, regardless of the absorptive capacity of the acquirer. We also found that business group membership has a positive impact on shareholder value, although horizontal acquisitions as compared to vertical and unrelated deals have a significantly negative impact for these companies. This result is again linked to the more explorative nature of vertical and unrelated acquisitions in comparison with horizontal deals that are more based on the exploitation of existing resources and capabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • De Beule, Filip & Sels, Annabel, 2016. "Do innovative emerging market cross-border acquirers create more shareholder value? Evidence from India," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 604-617.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:25:y:2016:i:2:p:604-617
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.09.008
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    Cited by:

    1. Basuil, Dynah A. & Datta, Deepak K., 2019. "Effects of Firm-specific and Country-specific Advantages on Relative Acquisition Size in Service Sector Cross-Border Acquisitions: An Empirical Examination," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 66-80.
    2. Neelam Rani & Aman Asija, 2017. "Has Financial Crisis Affected the Announcement Gains of Indian Cross-border Acquisitions?," IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review, , vol. 6(1), pages 55-66, January.
    3. Holmes, R. Michael & Hoskisson, Robert E. & Kim, Hicheon & Wan, William P. & Holcomb, Tim R., 2018. "International strategy and business groups: A review and future research agenda," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 134-150.
    4. Aguilera, Ruth V. & Crespí-Cladera, Rafel & Infantes, Paula M. & Pascual-Fuster, Bartolomé, 2020. "Business groups and internationalization: Effective identification and future agenda," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(4).
    5. Nkiwane, Prince & Chipeta, Chimwemwe, 2019. "The performance of cross-border acquisitions targeting African firms," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 68-82.
    6. Jain, Samta & Kashiramka, Smita & Jain, P.K., 2019. "Wealth effects on cross-border acquisition firms from emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1-1.
    7. Samta Jain & Smita Kashiramka & P. K. Jain, 2018. "Impact of Organizational Learning and Absorptive Capacity on the Abnormal Returns of Acquirers: Evidence from Cross-Border Acquisitions by Indian Companies," Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, Springer;Global Institute of Flexible Systems Management, vol. 19(4), pages 289-303, December.
    8. Filip De Beule & Dieter Somers & Haiyan Zhang, 2018. "Who Follows Whom? A Location Study of Chinese Private and State-Owned Companies in the European Union," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 43-84, February.
    9. Datta, Deepak K. & Basuil, Dynah A. & Agarwal, Ankita, 2020. "Effects of board characteristics on post-acquisition performance: A study of cross-border acquisitions by firms in the manufacturing sector," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3).
    10. De Beule, Filip & Klein, Martin & Verwaal, Ernst, 2020. "Institutional quality and inclusive strategies at the base of the pyramid," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(5).

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