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Does trust contribute to stock market development?

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  • Ng, Adam
  • Ibrahim, Mansor H.
  • Mirakhor, Abbas

Abstract

In view of the increasing contributions of social capital in financial development, we examine the relevance of social capital in stock market development by applying Bayesian model averaging on 37 variables across 60 countries from 2000 to 2006. The results demonstrate that trust is a robust and positive determinant of stock market depth and liquidity, and that trust is the most relevant component of social capital in market development. Macroeconomic instability in the form of inflationary changes has a dampening effect on trust in the trading of stock. Further, social capital and its components, particularly trust, are more relevant to stock market development in countries with weak rule of law, non-Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (non-OECD) and Organization of Islamic Co-operation (OIC) countries that are generally characterized by lower formal institutional quality. Our results seek to reinforce the relevance of social capital in complementing the much needed reform of stock markets globally.

Suggested Citation

  • Ng, Adam & Ibrahim, Mansor H. & Mirakhor, Abbas, 2016. "Does trust contribute to stock market development?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 239-250.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:52:y:2016:i:pa:p:239-250 DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2014.10.056
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    Cited by:

    1. Steel, Mark F. J., 2017. "Model Averaging and its Use in Economics," MPRA Paper 81568, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Mohammad Salahuddin & Khorshed Alam & Lorelle Burton, 2016. "Does Internet Usage Stimulate the Accumulation of Social Capital? A Panel Ýnvestigation for Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development Countries," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(1), pages 347-353.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social capital; Trust; Institution; Stock market; Bayesian model averaging;

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • G02 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Behavioral Finance: Underlying Principles
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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