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Election cycles in natural resource rents: Empirical evidence

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  • Klomp, Jeroen
  • de Haan, Jakob

Abstract

We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975–2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource rents. The incumbent uses these rents for expanding public spending and reducing taxes before elections. However, these electoral cycle effects are statistically significant only in young democracies. Our results also suggest that election effects are stronger in countries with limited access to free media, limited political checks and balances, and a presidential system.

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  • Klomp, Jeroen & de Haan, Jakob, 2016. "Election cycles in natural resource rents: Empirical evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 79-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:121:y:2016:i:c:p:79-93
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2016.03.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Tania Masi & Antonio Savoia & Kunal Sen, 2018. "Is there a fiscal resource curse? Resource rents, fiscal capacity and political institutions," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series esid-096-18, GDI, The University of Manchester.
    2. repec:mup:actaun:actaun_2019067030799 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Seydou Coulibaly, 2019. "Impact of natural resource wealth on non-resource tax revenue mobilization in Africa: Do institutions and economic diversification matter?," Working Papers halshs-02108128, HAL.
    4. Ohad Raveh & Yacov Tsur, 2018. "Resource Windfalls and Publics Debt: The Role of Political Myopia," OxCarre Working Papers 205, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    5. repec:eee:finsta:v:31:y:2017:i:c:p:18-44 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Political budget cycles; Natural resources; Rent seeking;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation

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