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Oil and political survival

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  • Andersen, Jørgen Juel
  • Aslaksen, Silje

Abstract

Political economy theories on the “natural resource curse” predict that natural resource wealth is a determining factor for the length of time political leaderships remain in office. Whether resource wealth leads to longer or shorter durations in political office depends on the political incentives created by the natural resources, which in turn depend on the types of institutions and natural resource. Exploiting a sample of more than 600 political leadership durations in up to 152 countries, we find that both institutions and resource types matter for the effect that natural resource wealth has on political survival: (i) wealth derived from natural resources affects political survival in intermediate and autocratic, but not in democratic, polities; and (ii) while oil and non-lootable diamonds are associated with positive effects on the duration in political office, minerals are associated with negative duration effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersen, Jørgen Juel & Aslaksen, Silje, 2013. "Oil and political survival," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 89-106.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:100:y:2013:i:1:p:89-106
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2012.08.008
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Caselli & Andrea Tesei, 2016. "Resource Windfalls, Political Regimes, and Political Stability," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 573-590, July.
    2. Ivar Kolstad & Abel Kinyondo, 2015. "Alternatives to local content," WIDER Working Paper Series 106, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Kjetil Bjorvatn & Mohammad Reza Farzanegan, 2014. "Resource Rents, Power, and Political Stability," CESifo Working Paper Series 4727, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Matsen, Egil & Natvik, Gisle J. & Torvik, Ragnar, 2016. "Petro populism," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 1-12.
      • Egil Matsen & Gisle J. Natvik & Ragnar Torvik, 2012. "Petro populism," Working Paper 2012/06, Norges Bank.
      • Egil Matsen & Ragnar Torvik & Gisle J. Natvik, 2012. "Petro populism," Working Paper Series 12812, Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
      • Egil Matsen & Gisle J. Natvik & Ragnar Torvik, 2014. "Petro Populism," Working Papers No 1/2014, Centre for Applied Macro- and Petroleum economics (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School.
    5. Jørgen Juel Andersen & Frode Martin Nordvik & Andrea Tesei, 2017. "Oil and Civil Conflict: On and Off (Shore)," Working Papers No 1/2017, Centre for Applied Macro- and Petroleum economics (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School.
    6. Bjorvatn, Kjetil & Naghavi, Alireza, 2011. "Rent seeking and regime stability in rentier states," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 740-748.
    7. Ebeke, Christian & Omgba, Luc Désiré & Laajaj, Rachid, 2015. "Oil, governance and the (mis)allocation of talent in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 126-141.
    8. Kotsadam, Andreas & Olsen, Eivind Hammersmark & Knutsen, Carl Henrik & Wig, Tore, 2015. "Mining and Local Corruption in Africa," Memorandum 09/2015, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    9. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Lessmann, Christian & Markwardt, Gunther, 2018. "Natural resource rents and internal conflicts: Can decentralization lift the curse?," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 186-205.
    10. van der Ploeg, Frederick & Rohner, Dominic, 2012. "War and natural resource exploitation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(8), pages 1714-1729.
    11. Kjetil Bjorvatn & Mohammad Reza Farzanegan, 2015. "Natural-Resource Rents and Political Stability in the Middle East and North Africa," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(3), pages 33-37, October.
    12. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza, 2017. "The impact of oil rents on military spending: Does corruption matter?," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168157, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Tcheta-Bampa, Tcheta-Bampa & Kodila-Tedika, Oasis, 2018. "Dynamisation de la malédiction des ressources naturelles en Afrique sur les performances économiques : institution et guerre froide
      [Curse of Natural Resources and Economic Performance in Africa: I
      ," MPRA Paper 86510, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Le Billon, Philippe & Pérez Niño, Helena, 2013. "Foreign Aid, Resource Rents and Institution-Building in Mozambique and Angola," WIDER Working Paper Series 102, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    15. Veneri, Ottorino & Capasso, Clemente & Iannuzzi, Diego, 2016. "Experimental evaluation of DC charging architecture for fully-electrified low-power two-wheeler," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 1428-1438.
    16. repec:ces:ifodic:v:13:y:2015:i:3:p:19173861 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. John Anyanwu & Andrew E. O. Erhijakpor, 2013. "Working Paper 184 - Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa?," Working Paper Series 988, African Development Bank.
    18. repec:eco:journ2:2018-02-26 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:eee:wdevel:v:109:y:2018:i:c:p:295-312 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:kap:atlecj:v:45:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11293-016-9522-6 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Political survival; Oil; Natural resources; Institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • Q38 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy (includes OPEC Policy)

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